Researchers from The University of Texas at Dallas and UT Southwestern Medical Center are investigating new ways to use old mobile phone technology to help first responders in developing countries reduce the time it takes to transport traffic accident victims to hospitals.
Part of the research involves using data collection methods to identify areas of large cities that are prone to traffic-related injuries but lack information to allocate limited resources optimally.
“We are assisting in the area of injury research,” said Dr. Dohyeong Kim
, associate professor of public policy and political economy and of geospatial information sciences in the School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences
at UT Dallas. “We want to use traditional cellphone technology in wide use in these countries to provide more accurate accident location information to first responders.”
Kim and Dr. Fiemu Nwariaku
, professor of surgery and associate dean of global health at UT Southwestern, are co-principal investigators on a $427,000, two-year grant from the National Institutes of Health’s Fogarty International Center (grant R21TW010991
) to promote health across the globe. Kim and Nwariaku will spend the next two years developing ways to leverage existing, low-cost mobile phone technology in Lagos, Nigeria, to help roadway accident victims.
Geospatial information sciences (GIS) can help determine where diseases are spreading and where to target the resources needed to stop them, but spatial data isn’t widely used for health decision-making in many developing countries.That lack generated the idea for a recently published UT Dallas study to identify — and ultimately remove — barriers to using GIS technology to solve public health problems in Bangladesh.
Does living closer to a fire station equate to a higher level of safety? It’s a commonly held belief, and now Dr. Dohyeong Kim
at The University of Texas at Dallas has gathered empirical evidence that does indeed support that assertion.
“It was unclear if location characteristics relating to the accessibility of fire protection services were risk factors for unintentional residential fire-related injuries in urban areas,” said Kim, an associate professor of public policy and political economy in the School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences
. “Our study aimed to measure spatial accessibility to fire protection services at the census block group level and to examine whether it is associated with unintentional residential fire-related injuries.”
Like in real estate, the most important factors in preventing crime with video cameras are location, location, location, new UT Dallas research has found.
The study, published in the June edition of the International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice
, was designed to help the South Korean government determine the most effective sites for video surveillance cameras to prevent crime.Dr. Dohyeong Kim
, associate professor of public policy and political economy
and geospatial information sciences
(GIS) in the School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences
, and his co-authors received funding from the Korean Institute of Criminology, a national crime and criminal justice research institute, to support the research.
Luego de la visita de la Ph.D. Deborah Carroll (University of Central Florida), quien abrió este ciclo con su conferencia sobre “Federalismo”, fue el turno de Dohyeong Kim, quien expuso sus ideas sobre Salud, con el objetivo de generar espacios de aprendizaje y discusión en el ámbito académico, y con actores del sector público y sector privado.
Las tres conferencias de Kim fueron:
- “El valor de la información en los modelos analíticos para la toma de decisiones sobre políticas de salud basadas en evidencias»
- «Desiertos alimentarios vs. jungla de alimentos: comprensión de los patrones espaciales del consumo de alimentos en Corea»
- «El rol del enfoque espacial en la gestión ambiental y la evaluación del impacto ambiental: caso de Carolina del Norte»
El Ciclo de Charlas cuenta con el auspicio de la Embajada de los EEUU y el apoyo del Gobierno de la Provincia de Santa Fe.
Además, durante su visita, el catedrático fue recibido por autoridades del Ministerio de Salud, visitó centros de Salud y organismos de la ciudad y la provincia como el Hospital José María Cullen, el LIF (Laboratorio Industrial Farmacéutico) y el CEMAFE (Centro de Especialidades Médicas Ambulatorias de Santa Fe).