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Todd Sandler

Todd Sandler

Vibhooti Shukla Professor Emeritus
GR 2.539
Todd Sandler's Webpage

Professional Preparation

Ph.D. - Economics
State University of New York at Binghamton - 1971
State University of New York at Binghamton - 1970
State University of New York at Binghamton - 1968

Research Areas

Research Interests
  •  Public Economics and Public Choice
  •  Applied Microeconomic Theory
  •  International Political Economy
  •  Study of Terrorism
  •  Natural Resources and Environmental Economics
  •  Defense and Peace Economics

Personal Website


“Public Goods, Group Size, and Provision Aggregation,” (with Weifeng Larry Liu),  Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization  2024 - Publication
“Do Failed or Weak States Favor Resident Terrorist Groups’ Survival?,” (with Khusrav Gaibulloev and James A. Piazza), Journal of Conflict Resolution  2024 - Publication
“Common Myths of Terrorism,” (with Khusrav Gaibulloev), Journal of Economic Surveys  2023 - Publication
“NATO Defense Demand, Free Riding, and the Russo-Ukrainian War in 2022,” (with Justin George), Journal of Industrial and Business Economics  2022 - Publication
“Duration and Competing-Risks Determinants of Terrorist Hostage-Taking Incidents,” (with Wukki Kim), European Journal of Political Economy  2021 - Publication
“Global Public Goods:  A Survey,” (with Wolfgang Buchholz), Journal of Economic Literature. 2021 - Publication
“EU Demand for Defense, 1990–2019:  A Strategic Spatial Approach,” (with Justin George), Games. 2021 - Publication
"Terms-of-Trade and Counterterrorism Externalities," (with Subhayu Bandyopadhyay and Javed Younas) Oxford Economic Papers. 2020 - Publication


Vibhooti Shukla Professor
University of Texas at Dallas [2006–Present]
University of Southern California [2005–2008]
Robert R. and Katheryn A. Dockson Professor
University of Southern California [2000–2008]
Visiting Fellow
University of Keele [1996–2018]
Visiting Distinguished Scholar
University of Newcastle, Australia [1996–2018]
Distinguished Professor
Iowa State University [1995–2000]
Honorary Fellow
University of Wisconsin-Madison [1990–2018]
Iowa State University [1986–1995]
University of South Carolina [1985–1986]
Visiting Fellow
University of York, UK [1983–2018]

Additional Information

Professional and University Citizenship
  • Professional activities and committees
  • Editorial Board, American Political Science Review, June 2012 on. 
  • Editorial Board, Journal of Global Policy, September 2009 on. 
  • Editorial Board, Simulation and Gaming, January 2009 on.
  • Editorial Board, Defence and Peace Economics, January 1995 on. Advising Editor from January 1999 on.
  • Editorial Board, International Studies Quarterly, January 1999-December 2003, January 2004-December 2008, January 2009-December 2013.
  • Associate Editor, Bulletin of Economic Research, February 2000 on.
  • Associate Editor, Review of International Organizations, January 2006 on.
  • Chairman, Editorial Board, Journal of Conflict Resolution, April 2004 on.
  • Editorial Board, Terrorism and Political Violence, January 2004 on.
  • Advising Board Member for Annual Editions: Violence and Terrorism, Duskin Publishing Group, 1989 on.
  • Editorial Board, Nação e Defesa, March 2002 on. 
  • Editorial Board, European Review of Economics and Finance, January 2002 on. 
  • Editorial Board, Public Finance Review, July 2000 on.
  • Editorial Board, American Journal of Political Science, January 2006-December 2009.
  • Editorial Board, International Studies Perspectives, January 2007-December 2009.
  • Editorial Board, Fiscal Studies, June 2000-September 2010.
  • Advisory Board on book series, Institutional Analysis, University of Michigan Press, edited by Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University, 1999-2005.
  • Associate Editor, Journal of Public Economic Theory, May 1997-December 2005.
  • Editorial Board, Social Science Quarterly, March 1996-April 2005.
  • Editorial Council on Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, January 1986 to December 1987, reappointed for January 1992-December 1993, reappointed for 
  • January 1994-December 1995, January-December 1996, January-December 1997, January-December 1998, January-December 1999, January-December 2000, JanuaryDecember 2001.
  • Editorial Board on Monograph Series in World Affairs, University of Denver, Graduate School of International Studies, 1979-2005.
  • Editor of Defence Economics, September 1988-December 1994. (First issue appeared January 1990).
  • Executive Board, International Defense Economics Association, 1990-2000.
  • Executive Board Member of Economists Allied Against the Arms Race (ECAAR), Israel Section, 1994-2000.
  • Associate Editor of Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, January 1988 to January 1990.
  • Editorial Board on Sage Series on Comparative Economy and Public Policy, 1975 to 1978.
  • Associate Editor, Intermountain Economic Review, September 1972 to June 1974.
  • Reviewer for NSF, major economics journals, and major political science journals.
Honors and other Recognitions
  • Co-recipient National Academy of Sciences Award for Behavioral Research Relevant to the Prevention of Nuclear War, 2003.
  • Honorary Visiting Professor, Department of Economics, University of York, York, UK, October 1999-September 2002, October 2003 to September 2006, October 2006 to present.
  • Visiting Distinguished Scholar, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia, May 1996 to June 30, 1996.
Awards and Fellowships
  • Runner-up best article of the year, Journal of Peace Research, 2009, for co-authored paper, “Hostage Taking” Determinants of Terrorist Logistical and Negotiation Success.”
  • Duncan Black Award for best article in Public Choice, 2005.
  • Annual Award for Excellence in Honors Teaching for 1998. One award given per year for best honors teacher at Iowa State University.
  • Quality of Communication Award, American Agricultural Economics Association 1998 for book, Global Challenges: An Approach to Environmental, Political, and Economic Problems, first prize.
  • Quality of Communication Award, Honorable Mention, American Agricultural Economics Association, 1997 for co-authored book, The Theory of Externalities, Public Goods, and Club Goods, 2nd Edition.
  • Quality of Research Excellence Award, American Agricultural Economics Association, August 1995 for co-authored paper, “Agricultural Research Expenditures in the U.S.: A Public Goods Perspective,” first prize.
  • Liberal Arts and Sciences College Outstanding Teacher at the Introductory Level, 1995.
  • NATO-EAPC Research Fellowship, 1998-2000.
  • Visiting Fellow, University of Keele, UK, Fall semester 1996.. 
  • Visiting Fellow, Federalism Research Centre, Australian National University, May-July 1994.
  • Senior Fellow, Institute for Policy Reform, Washington, DC, 1994.
    • Senior Fellow, Institute for Policy Reform, Washington, DC, 1993.
    • Senior Fellow, Institute for Policy Reform, Washington, DC, 1992.
  • Senior Fellow, Institute for Policy Reform, Washington, DC, 1990-91.
  • Honorary Fellow, University of Wisconsin-Madison, January 1990 to June 1, 1990.
  • Visiting Fellow, University of York, U.K., August 1983 to October 1983 and May 1984 to July 1, 1984.
  • Visiting Fellow, Australian National University, September 1981 to December 1981 and May 1982 to September 1982.
  • Australian National University Fellowship, 1981.
  • Visiting Scholar, Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of York, U.K., Summer 1980.
  • Visiting Fellow, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, June to July 1979.
    • NATO Postdoctoral Fellowship in the Sciences (NSF) June 1977 to June 1978.
  • National Defense Education Association Fellowship (Title IV) Texas A & M, September 1968.
  • State University of New York at Binghamton Fellowship, September 1969 to June 1970.

News Articles

Profs Find Interpol's War on Terrorism Paying Off
Profs Find Interpol's War on Terrorism Paying Off Interpol redefined its mission after 9/11 by committing a share of its worldwide resources to combating terrorism — and that effort appears to be paying off in a big way, UT Dallas researcher Dr. Todd Sandler said. “According to our calculations, Interpol gets about $200 in gain for every $1 it spends on the fight against terrorism,” said Sandler, the Vibhooti Shukla professor of economics and political economy in UT Dallas’ School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences. “That’s a big payback.” These findings could affect how individual governments evaluate the return on investment for their own anti-terrorist programs and may encourage greater intelligence cooperation among nations, he said.
Economist Earns Top 5 Ranking Worldwide
Economist Earns Top 5 Ranking Worldwide Dr. Todd Sandler placed fifth in a new, worldwide ranking system for public economists that accounts for the quality of journals in which the economists publish and the number of times other authors cite their work. “Dr. Sandler’s ranking in this study reflects the caliber of his research and the value his peers place on his work by citing it,” said Dr. Brian Berry, dean of the School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences, where Dr. Sandler teaches and conducts research. The standings, published in the Journal of Public Economic Theory, place higher value on published articles with individual authors. The creator of the rankings, Francesc Pujol, an assistant professor of economics at the University of Navarra in Spain, believes counting citations and factoring a journal’s esteem is a better yardstick by which to measure the long-term quality of an author’s work.
Terrorism Study Questions Immigration Policies
Terrorism Study Questions Immigration Policies A study of immigration trends and terrorism threats finds that nations could benefit from taking a proactive approach to controlling immigration of non-skilled workers from countries that harbor terrorists. Dr. Todd Sandler, Vibhooti Shukla professor of economics and political economy in UT Dallas’ School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences, said many nations clamped down on the influx of highly trained workers following the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. Several of the hijackers involved in that event were college-educated, seemingly successful professionals. But Sandler called terrorism “unskilled intensive,” in its source country. He said national security plans don’t benefit as much from limiting skilled immigration as from carefully monitoring the number of unskilled laborers entering a country from nations perceived as breeding grounds for terrorist
Noted Economist to Discuss How Economic Analysis Can Help Shape Terrorism Policy
Noted Economist to Discuss How Economic Analysis Can Help Shape Terrorism Policy RICHARDSON , Texas (Jan. 7, 2005) – Noted economist Dr. Todd Sandler of the University of Southern California will discuss how methods of economic analysis can help in understanding terrorism and formulating policy responses to it in the 2005 edition of the Cecil and Ida Green Distinguished Lecture Series, to be held at The University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) on Friday, Jan. 21. 

The lecture, titled “Economic Methods Applied to the Study of Terrorism,” will take place at 3:30 p.m. in Cecil H. Green Hall, Room 2.302, followed immediately by a reception for the speaker in the commons area of the adjacent Green Center. Both the lecture and the reception will be free and open to the public.
Study Shows Terrorism Decreases Foreign Direct Investment
Study Shows Terrorism Decreases Foreign Direct Investment In recent years, developing nations have been common terrorism targets. UT Dallas professor Todd Sandler says the attacks are reducing foreign investment in these countries because potential investors are seeking safer locations.

Sandler, the Vibhooti Shukla Professor of Economics and Political Economy, co-authored “Foreign Direct Investment, Aid and Terrorism.”The report was published online in Oxford Economic Papers and is slated for print production in the journal next year.

The research explains the relationships between terrorism and foreign direct investment (when one country invests in another country), and how those relationships are affected by foreign aid flows.