Todd Sandler

Vibhooti Shukla Professor Emeritus
GR 2.539
Todd Sandler's Webpage
Tags: Economics Political Science Political Economy

Professional Preparation

Ph.D. - Economics
State University of New York at Binghamton - 1971
State University of New York at Binghamton - 1970
State University of New York at Binghamton - 1968

Research Areas

Research Interests
  •  Public Economics and Public Choice
  •  Applied Microeconomic Theory
  •  International Political Economy
  •  Study of Terrorism
  •  Natural Resources and Environmental Economics
  •  Defense and Peace Economics

Personal Website


"Nato Burden Sharing 1999-2010: An Altered Alliance," (with Hirofumi Shimizu), Foreign Policy Analysis, Vol. 9, forthcoming 2013. forthcoming - Publication
"The Analytical Study of Terrorism: Taking Stock," Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 51, forthcoming 2014. forthcoming - Publication
"Terrorist Attack and Target Diversity: Changepoints and Their Drivers," (with Charlinda Santifort and Patrick T. Brandt) Journal of Peace Research, forthcoming 2012 or 2013. forthcoming - Publication
"Public Goods and Regional Cooperation for Development: A New Look," Integration & Trade Journal, Vol. 17, forthcoming. forthcoming - Publication
"Remittances and Terrorism: A Global Analysis," (with Raechelle Mascarenhas), Defence and Peace Economics, Vol. 25, forthcoming 2014. 2014 - Publication
"Foreign Direct Investment, Aid, and Terrorism," (with Subhayu Bandyopadhyay and Javed Younas) Oxford Economic Papers, forthcoming 2014. 2014 - Publication
"Target Attack and Target Diversity: Changepoints and Their Drivers," Journal of Peace Research, January 2013. 2013 - Publication
"Common Drivers of Transnational Terrorism: Principal Component Analysis," Economic Inquiry, January 2013 2013 - Publication
"A Bayesian Poisson Vector Autoregression Model," Political Analysis, forthcoming 2012  2012 - Publication
"A Bayesian Poisson Vector Autoregression Model," (with Patrick T. Brandt) Political Analysis, forthcoming 2012. 2012 - Publication


Vibhooti Shukla Professor
University of Texas at Dallas [2006–Present]
University of Southern California [2005–2008]
Robert R. and Katheryn A. Dockson Professor
University of Southern California [2000–2008]
Visiting Fellow
University of Keele [1996–2018]
Visiting Distinguished Scholar
University of Newcastle, Australia [1996–2018]
Distinguished Professor
Iowa State University [1995–2000]
Honorary Fellow
University of Wisconsin-Madison [1990–2018]
Iowa State University [1986–1995]
University of South Carolina [1985–1986]
Visiting Fellow
University of York, UK [1983–2018]

Additional Information

Honors and other Recognitions
  • Co-recipient National Academy of Sciences Award for Behavioral Research Relevant to the Prevention of Nuclear War, 2003.
  • Honorary Visiting Professor, Department of Economics, University of York, York, UK, October 1999-September 2002, October 2003 to September 2006, October 2006 to present.
  • Visiting Distinguished Scholar, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia, May 1996 to June 30, 1996.
Awards and Fellowships
  • Runner-up best article of the year, Journal of Peace Research, 2009, for co-authored paper, “Hostage Taking” Determinants of Terrorist Logistical and Negotiation Success.”
  • Duncan Black Award for best article in Public Choice, 2005.
  • Annual Award for Excellence in Honors Teaching for 1998. One award given per year for best honors teacher at Iowa State University.
  • Quality of Communication Award, American Agricultural Economics Association 1998 for book, Global Challenges: An Approach to Environmental, Political, and Economic Problems, first prize.
  • Quality of Communication Award, Honorable Mention, American Agricultural Economics Association, 1997 for co-authored book, The Theory of Externalities, Public Goods, and Club Goods, 2nd Edition.
  • Quality of Research Excellence Award, American Agricultural Economics Association, August 1995 for co-authored paper, “Agricultural Research Expenditures in the U.S.: A Public Goods Perspective,” first prize.
  • Liberal Arts and Sciences College Outstanding Teacher at the Introductory Level, 1995.
  • NATO-EAPC Research Fellowship, 1998-2000.
  • Visiting Fellow, University of Keele, UK, Fall semester 1996.. 
  • Visiting Fellow, Federalism Research Centre, Australian National University, May-July 1994.
  • Senior Fellow, Institute for Policy Reform, Washington, DC, 1994.
    • Senior Fellow, Institute for Policy Reform, Washington, DC, 1993.
    • Senior Fellow, Institute for Policy Reform, Washington, DC, 1992.
  • Senior Fellow, Institute for Policy Reform, Washington, DC, 1990-91.
  • Honorary Fellow, University of Wisconsin-Madison, January 1990 to June 1, 1990.
  • Visiting Fellow, University of York, U.K., August 1983 to October 1983 and May 1984 to July 1, 1984.
  • Visiting Fellow, Australian National University, September 1981 to December 1981 and May 1982 to September 1982.
  • Australian National University Fellowship, 1981.
  • Visiting Scholar, Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of York, U.K., Summer 1980.
  • Visiting Fellow, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, June to July 1979.
    • NATO Postdoctoral Fellowship in the Sciences (NSF) June 1977 to June 1978.
  • National Defense Education Association Fellowship (Title IV) Texas A & M, September 1968.
  • State University of New York at Binghamton Fellowship, September 1969 to June 1970.
Major Areas
  • Public Economics and Public Choice 
  • Applied Microeconomic Theory 
  • Defense and Peace Economics 
  • International Political Economy 
  • International Relations 
  • Study of Terrorism 
  • Natural Resources and Environmental Economics 
  • International Trade and Finance 

News Articles

Profs Find Interpol's War on Terrorism Paying Off
Interpol redefined its mission after 9/11 by committing a share of its worldwide resources to combating terrorism — and that effort appears to be paying off in a big way, UT Dallas researcher Dr. Todd Sandler said. “According to our calculations, Interpol gets about $200 in gain for every $1 it spends on the fight against terrorism,” said Sandler, the Vibhooti Shukla professor of economics and political economy in UT Dallas’ School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences. “That’s a big payback.” These findings could affect how individual governments evaluate the return on investment for their own anti-terrorist programs and may encourage greater intelligence cooperation among nations, he said.
Economist Earns Top 5 Ranking Worldwide
Dr. Todd Sandler placed fifth in a new, worldwide ranking system for public economists that accounts for the quality of journals in which the economists publish and the number of times other authors cite their work. “Dr. Sandler’s ranking in this study reflects the caliber of his research and the value his peers place on his work by citing it,” said Dr. Brian Berry, dean of the School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences, where Dr. Sandler teaches and conducts research. The standings, published in the Journal of Public Economic Theory, place higher value on published articles with individual authors. The creator of the rankings, Francesc Pujol, an assistant professor of economics at the University of Navarra in Spain, believes counting citations and factoring a journal’s esteem is a better yardstick by which to measure the long-term quality of an author’s work.
Terrorism Study Questions Immigration Policies
A study of immigration trends and terrorism threats finds that nations could benefit from taking a proactive approach to controlling immigration of non-skilled workers from countries that harbor terrorists. Dr. Todd Sandler, Vibhooti Shukla professor of economics and political economy in UT Dallas’ School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences, said many nations clamped down on the influx of highly trained workers following the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. Several of the hijackers involved in that event were college-educated, seemingly successful professionals. But Sandler called terrorism “unskilled intensive,” in its source country. He said national security plans don’t benefit as much from limiting skilled immigration as from carefully monitoring the number of unskilled laborers entering a country from nations perceived as breeding grounds for terrorist
Noted Economist to Discuss How Economic Analysis Can Help Shape Terrorism Policy
RICHARDSON , Texas (Jan. 7, 2005) – Noted economist Dr. Todd Sandler of the University of Southern California will discuss how methods of economic analysis can help in understanding terrorism and formulating policy responses to it in the 2005 edition of the Cecil and Ida Green Distinguished Lecture Series, to be held at The University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) on Friday, Jan. 21. 

The lecture, titled “Economic Methods Applied to the Study of Terrorism,” will take place at 3:30 p.m. in Cecil H. Green Hall, Room 2.302, followed immediately by a reception for the speaker in the commons area of the adjacent Green Center. Both the lecture and the reception will be free and open to the public.
Study Shows Terrorism Decreases Foreign Direct Investment
In recent years, developing nations have been common terrorism targets. UT Dallas professor Todd Sandler says the attacks are reducing foreign investment in these countries because potential investors are seeking safer locations.

Sandler, the Vibhooti Shukla Professor of Economics and Political Economy, co-authored “Foreign Direct Investment, Aid and Terrorism.”The report was published online in Oxford Economic Papers and is slated for print production in the journal next year.

The research explains the relationships between terrorism and foreign direct investment (when one country invests in another country), and how those relationships are affected by foreign aid flows.