Timothy Bray

Associate Professor of Practice of Public Policy and Political Economy
WTC 1.6
IUPR Web Page
Tags: Social Data Analytics and Research Public Policy Political Economy Institute for Urban Policy Research

Professional Preparation

Ph.D. - Criminology
University of Missouri at St. Louis - 2003
M.A. - Criminology and Criminal Justice
University of Missouri at St. Louis - 1998
B.S. - Criminology and Criminal Justice
University of Missouri at St. Louis - 1994

Research Areas

Research Interests
Dr. Bray's current research focuses on the development of multidimensional indicators for quality of life and disparities in quality of life. He was instrumental in the Institutes launch of the Wholeness Index, a comprehensive index of disparities in quality of life that taps 12 key dimensions of social dislocation. These dimensions are representative of those identified in academic literature and, more importantly, were vetted through representatives of the underserved communities in Dallas. In addition, Dr. Brays research includes the development and application of hierarchical models to explain variation in neighborhood levels of social dislocations, including assessing and controlling for spatial dependence in the data. Dr. Bray is also working to develop new and promising methods for evaluating the impact of individual community development programs in the context of the effects of their peer programs, with an emphasis on identifying the outcomes of their collective efforts, separate from the outcomes of their individual efforts.


Dallas Domestic Violence Taskforce - Journal Article
Coordinated Community Response: Toward a More Systematic Response to Domestic Violence in an Urban Setting 2018 - Book Chapter
Coordinated community response: Toward a more systematic response to domestic violence in an urban setting 2018 - Book Chapter
Are sex offenders different? An examination of rearrest patterns 2006 - Journal Article
Are Sex Offenders Different? An Examination of Rearrest Patterns 2006 - Journal Article
Confidence Intervals 2005 - Other
Justice by geography: Racial disparity and juvenile courts 2005 - Journal Article
Confidence Intervals 2004 - Book Chapter
Are sex offenders dangerous? 2003 - Journal Article
The effect of socioeconomic disadvantage and racial isolation on neighborhood homicide 2003 - Dissertation


Director, Institute for Urban Policy Research
University of Texas at Dallas [2008–Present]
Clinical Assistant Professor
University of Texas at Dallas [2006–Present]
Director, J. McDonald Williams Institute
Foundation for Community Empowerment [2005–2008]
Assistant Professor of Criminology
University of Texas at Dallas [2002–2006]
Assistant Bureau Chief
Illinois State Police [2001–2002]
Strategic Development Advisor
Illinois State Police [1999–2001]
Research Analyst
Illinois State Police [1998–1999]
Graduate Teaching and Research Assistant
University of Missouri - St. Louis [1997–1998]
Police Planner
St. Louis County Police [1995–1997]
Police Dispatcher
St. Louis County Police [1992–1995]


Predicting Sex Offending From Criminal Offense History - A Collaborative Approach
1999–1999 Sample, Lisa L. and Timothy M. Bray. (1999). Predicting Sex Offending From Criminal Offense History - A Collaborative Approach. American Society of Criminology. Toronto, ON.
The Liquidity of Crime: A Case for Fluid BeatBoundaries
2004–2004 Bray, Timothy M. (2004). The Liquidity of Crime: A Case for Fluid Beat Boundaries. Invited Presentation for the Seventh Annual International Crime Mapping Research Conference. Boston, MA.
The Impact of Neighborhood Disadvantage and Racial Composition on Youth Homicide: Race, Place, and Risk Revisited
1997–1997 Rosenfeld, Richard and Timothy M. Bray. (1997). The Impact of Neighborhood Disadvantage and Racial Composition on Youth Homicide: Race, Place, and Risk Revisited. American Society of Criminology. San Diego, CA.
Are Sex Offenders Different? An Analysis of Re-Arrest Patterns
2000–2000 Sample, Lisa L. and Timothy M. Bray. (2000). Are Sex Offenders Different? An Analysis of Re-Arrest Patterns. American Society of Criminology. San Francisco, CA.
Design of New Crime Analysis Tools
2003–2003 Qiu, Fang and Timothy M. Bray. (2003). Design of New Crime Analysis Tools. Selected for a Presidential Panel (Peer Reviewed). American Society of Criminology. Denver, CO.

Additional Information

Works in Progress - In Preparation
  •  Bray, Timothy M. The Effects of Child Safety Zones on Public Safety.
  •  Bray, Timothy M. The Use of Census Microdata in Racial Profiling Analyses.
  •  Bray, Timothy M. The Liquidity of Crime: A Case for Fluid Beat Boundaries.
  •  Bray, Timothy M. Assessing Systemic Social Disorganization Theory: An Application of City Police Data to City Problems.
  •  Bray, Timothy M. Advanced Measures of Segregation – Do They Outperform Simple Composition in Predicting Violent Crime?
  •  Bray, Timothy M. The Impact of Spatially Non-Random Sampling on Statistical.
  •  Indicators of Clustering.
Personal Statement
 Dr. Timothy Bray serves as director of the Institute. As the only research institute to be established by a grass roots community building organization, the Institute retains a flavor that makes it unique among its peers. IUPR truly believes that the fruits of research must serve the underserved by motivating the caliber of sustainable change necessary to improve quality of life and build a better world. The Institute continues to build friendships in the communities we serve, helping residents realize their visions of lasting change.

 Dr. Bray is also on the faculty of the School of Economic, Political, and Policy Studies at the University of Texas at Dallas, where he teaches in the political economy and criminology programs. He teaches graduate and upper division courses in quantitative methodologies and structural correlates of social disorganization. He also mentors graduate students, and involves graduate and undergraduate students in the research work of the Institute.

 Dr. Bray serves on the Board of Directors of the North Texas Housing Coalition and the Executive Committee of the Urban Institute's National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership, In addition, he advises a number of local organizations on issues of equity and sustainability.

 Dr. Bray received his Ph.D. in Criminology from the University of Missouri-St. Louis. Prior to earning his doctorate, Dr. Bray served as an Assistant Bureau Chief with the Illinois State Police, where he headed the strategic and operational research units. Upon leaving the State Police, Dr. Bray was awarded the Achievement Medal for his innovative approach to solving contemporary and traditional policing issues. 

 Urban Institute National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership 2005-Present
  •  Elected to Executive Committee 2008-Present
 Community Indicators Consortium 2008-Present
  •  Appointed to Working Group on Integrating Performance Measurement and Community Indicators 2008-Present
 Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program Metropolitan Partners 2007-Present National Consortium on Violence Research 2004-Present American Society of Criminology 1997-Present American Sociological Association 2003-Present
  •  Crime, Law, and Deviance Section
  •  Community and Urban Sociology Timothy M. Bray
 American Statistical Association 2003-Present
  •  Government Statistics Section
  •  Social Statistics Section
  •  Statistical Consulting
  •  North Texas Chapter
 American Planning Association 2008-Present Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences 1997-Present North Texas Social Research Consortium 2007-Present Phi Kappa Phi National Honor Society 1993-Present Dallas Women’s Foundation Research Advisory Board 2009-Present

News Articles

Research Institute Examines Children's Health, Insurance Needs in Five North Texas Counties
Texas’ uninsured rate for children remains among the highest in the nation, according to the latest report on children’s health care, education, economic security and safety from Children’s Health and researchers at UT Dallas.

The 2014 report, Beyond ABC: Assessing Children’s Health in the North Texas Corridor,” focuses on five North Texas counties: Collin, Cooke, Denton, Fannin and Grayson. Researchers at UT Dallas’ Institute for Urban Policy Researchcompiled data for the 13th annual edition of the report.
Partnership Aims to Improve Resources for Domestic Violence Victims
Researchers from UT Dallas are partnering with Genesis Women’s Shelter & Support and the Conference on Crimes Against Women (CCAW) in a planning grant to develop an institute and an educational curriculum to better serve victims of domestic violence across Texas.
The W.W. Caruth Jr. Foundation at Communities Foundation of Texas awarded the $530,000 grant to CCAW, the national conference hosted annually by Genesis and the Dallas Police Department.
UT Dallas Institute Assesses Child Well-Being
The number of Dallas County children with some form of insurance has increased, but other troubling trends continue in the health, economic security, safety and education of local youth, according to a new report from UT Dallas and Children’s Medical Center.
Researchers at UT Dallas’ Institute for Urban Policy Research compiled the data for the 2013 report, Beyond ABC: Assessing Children’s Health in Dallas County. The 12th edition of the report focuses exclusively on children in Dallas County and aims to offer a foundation for understanding the socioeconomic and health issues they face.
UT Dallas Assists with Report Revealing Childhood Crisis
Nearly 30 percent of children in Dallas County are living in poverty, according to a Children’s Medical Center report compiled by the Institute of Urban Policy Researchat UT Dallas. 

The report, Beyond ABC 2011: Assessing Children’s Health in Dallas County, examines the quality of life of area children. Dr. Timothy Bray, head of the Institute and a faculty member in the School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences, was one of several panelists who discussed the findings during a recent symposium moderated by KDFW Fox 4 news anchor, Clarice Tinsley, at Children’s Medical Center.

“This is without a doubt the most pressing issue that our county faces,” Bray said during the symposium. “It is the future of our youth, our children, our tomorrow. They are tomorrow’s doctors, they are tomorrow’s teachers, they are tomorrow’s firefighters and police officers. And so if they’re not healthy, they’re not going to reach that goal.”

University Team Shares New Domestic Violence Data with Task Force
The Dallas Police Department receives an average of 42 domestic violence-related 911 calls every day, according to a new report that University of Texas at Dallas researchers wrote for the Dallas Domestic Violence Task Force.

The University’s Institute for Urban Policy Research (IUPR) collected and analyzed extensive data on domestic violence for the city for the fourth year in a row, detailing the number of incidents reported to police, lack of shelter space and the outcome of domestic violence cases in the courts as part of a 57-page report.


National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership


Evaluation of the United 2020 Initiative
$279,000 - United Way of Metropolitan Dallas [2010–2011]
Technical and Analytical Support for Beyond ABC Report
$65,000 - Children's Medical Center [2010–2010]
Evaluation of the 'Dallas Cares for Kids' Initiative
$25,000 - Foundation for Community Empowerment [2010–2010]
North Texas Food Security Index
$17,000 - North Texas Food Bank [2010–2010]
Citi Community Leadership Initiative
$50,000 - Citi Foundation [2010–2011]