Ray Baughman

Robert A. Welch Distinguished Chair in Chemistry
Professor - Chemistry
Director of the Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute
Tags: Materials and Polymers Chemistry

Professional Preparation

Ph.D. - DEAP Applied Physics
Harvard University - 1971
B.S. - Physics
Carnegie Mellon University - 1964

Research Areas

RESEARCH INTERESTS
  • Nanoscale Self-Assembly
  • Nanomaterials Processing
  • Electronics/Optics/Magnetics
  • Nanoscale Devices
  • Photonic Crystals
  • Electrochemical Devices
  • Highly Conducting Organic Polymers
  • Carbon Nanotubes
  • Artificial Muscles
  • Ferroelectrics
  • New Forms of Carbon
  • Auxetic Materials
  • Solid-State Synthesis
  • Nano-Bio Interface

Overview
Ray Baughman received a B.S. in Physics from Carnegie Mellon University and a Ph.D. in the Materials Science area from Harvard University. Upon graduation he went to Allied Chemical, which later became AlliedSignal and then Honeywell. In August 2001, he became the Robert A. Welch Chair in Chemistry and Director of the Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute at the University of Texas in Dallas.

Ray is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas, the Academia Europaea, and the European Academy of Sciences and Arts; a foreign member of the European Academy of Sciences; a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, the National Academy of Inventors, and the American Physical Society; an Academician of The Russian Academy of Natural Sciences; an honorary professor of 8 universities in China; and is on editorial or advisory boards of Science and other journals.

Ray has 90 issued US patents and over 440 refereed publications, with over 40,500 citations and a Web of Science h-index of 88. He has received the Chemical Pioneer Award of the American Institute of Chemists (1995), the Cooperative Research Award in Polymer Science and Engineering (1996), the New Materials Innovation Prize of the Avantex International Forum for Innovative Textiles (2005), Nano 50 Awards from Nanotech Briefs Magazine for Carbon Nanotube Sheets and Yarns (2006) and for Fuel Powered Artificial Muscles (2007), the NanoVic Prize from Australia (2006), the Scientific American Magazine 50 recognition for outstanding technological leadership (2006), the CSIRO Metal for Research Achievement (2006), the Chancellor’s Entrepreneurship and Invention Award (2007), the 21 for the 21st Century award (2007), the Alumni Distinguished Achievement Award of Carnegie Mellon University (2007), the Kapitza Metal of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (2007), the Graffin Lectureship of the American Carbon Society (2010), the Tech Titans Award in Education (2011), Time Magazine recognition in 50 Best Inventions of the Year (2011), the SGL Carbon Award of the American Carbon Society (2013), the Tech Titans Technology Inventors Award (2015), the 2015 Inventor Award for Energy Harvesting Materials and Systems, and the R&D 100 Gold Award for Market Disruptor Product (2015). He was named the Honorable Yang Shi-Xiang Professor of Nankai University and the Honorable Tang Aoqing Professor of Jilin University in 2010, and was listed 30th in the Top 100 Material Scientists of the Decade (2000-2010) and the Top 1% Most Cited in Cross-Fields in 2018. Baughman Laboratories were established in his honor in China in 2014 at the Jiangnan Graphene Research Institute in Changzhou and in 2018 at the University of Science and Technology in Liaoning.  


Publications

Biomolecule based fiber supercapacitor for implantable device 2018 - Journal Article
Biscrolled Carbon Nanotube Yarn Structured Silver-Zinc Battery 2018 - Journal Article
General Synthesis of 3D Ordered Macro-/Mesoporous Materials by Templating Mesoporous Silica Confined in Opals 2018 - Journal Article
Harvesting electrical energy from torsional thermal actuation driven by natural convection 2018 - Journal Article
High-Performance Biscrolled MXene/Carbon Nanotube Yarn Supercapacitors 2018 - Journal Article
Investigating flexural failure in carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites interleaved with carbon nanotube sheets 2018 - Conference Paper
Large-Stroke Electrochemical Carbon Nanotube/Graphene Hybrid Yarn Muscles 2018 - Journal Article
Magnetic torsional actuation of carbon nanotube yarn artificial muscle 2018 - Journal Article
Sequentially bridged graphene sheets with high strength, toughness, and electrical conductivity 2018 - Journal Article
Stretchable Fiber Biofuel Cell by Rewrapping Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Sheets 2018 - Journal Article

Appointments

Director
University of Texas at Dallas [2001–Present]
Robert A. Welch Professor
University of Texas at Dallas [2001–Present]
Corporate Fellow
Honeywell International [1990–1991]
Manager
Honeywell International [1978–1990]
Group Leader
Honeywell International [1974–1978]
Staff Scientist
Honeywell International [1970–1973]

Awards

National Academy of Engineering Technology Inventors Award - [2015]
Fellows - National Academy of Inventors

Additional Information

HONORS
  • Member National Academy of Engineering (Elected 2008)
  • Member Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas
  • Foreign Member of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (Elected 1997)
  • Honorary Professor of Jilin University, China (Elected 2001)
  • Concurrent Professor of Nanjing University, China (Elected 2002)
  • Advisory Professor of Fudan University, China (Elected 2002)
  • Fellow of Amer. Phys. Society, the Royal Soc. of Chemistry, and Amer. Inst. of Chemists
  • Editorial Boards of Science (2000-), Synthetic Metals (1978-07) and Int. J. of Nanosci. (2002-)
  • Editorial Advisory Board of the Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2002-)
  • Chemical Pioneer Award of the American Institute Of Chemists (1995)
  • Cooperative Research Award in Polymer Science and Engineering (PMSE, ACS, 1996)
  • AlliedSignal Technical Achievement Awards for Time-Temperature Indicators (1988), Polyaniline Compositions and Applications (1994), Sonar Hydrophones (1996)
  • New Materials Innovation Prize, Avantex Intern. Forum for Innovative Textiles (2005)
  • Scientific American 50 List (06), NanoVic Prize (Australia, 06); Nano 50 Awards (06 & 07)
  • CSIRO Metal for Technical Achievement (Australia, 06)
  • Alumni Distinguished Achievement Award of Carnegie Mellon University (2007)
  • Kapitza Metal of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (2007)
  • Honorary Graffin Lectureship of the American Carbon Society (2009-2010)
RECENT ADVISORY GROUPS (2000-Present)
International Advisory Board, Intelligent Polym. Res. Inst. (Australia, 1997-present) Advanced Materials Institute, Univ. New Orleans (1999-2004)
External Advisory Board, Alabama EPSCoR (1995-2000) and Oklahoma EPSCoR (05-present)
International Conferences on Synthetic Metals (1981-present)
NSF-STC Strategic Advisory Board for the University of Washington in Seattle (2002-present)
Nanotechnology Advisory Board for Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (2002-2004)
Advisory Board for the Alan G. MacDiarmid Institute of Jilin, China (2001-present)
INVITED LECTURES SINCE 2007
  • "Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets", Northrop Grumman Lecture Series (January 8, 2007, Los Angeles, California).
  • "From Electrical to Fuel Powered Artificial Muscles", Award Lecture for Kapitza Metal (Jan. 18, 2007, Moscow, Russia).
  • "From Multifunctional Carbon Nanotube Tarns and Transparent Sheets to Fuel-Powered Muscles and Devices for Energy Harvesting, Storage, and Conversion", Honeywell Corporation (January 22, 2007, Morristown, New Jersey).
  • "Strain Amplification for Artificial Muscles and Sensors Using Giant Poisson Ratios and Giant Linear Compressibilities", 2nd International Symposium on Electromaterials Science (Feb. 7-9, 2007, Wollongong, Australia).
  • "From Electrical to Fuel Powered Artificial Muscles", Euroconference on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials (March 10-16, 2007, Kirchberg, Austria).
  • "Autonomous Carbon Nanotube and Shape Memory Yarn, Sheet, and Wire Systems", SPIE Smart Structures and Materials Symposium (March 18-22, 2007, San Diego, CA).
  • "Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets", The Best Little Nano Conference in Texas (Austin, Texas, April 4-5, 2007).
  • "Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets", Northrop Grumman Lecture Series (January 8, 2007, Los Angeles, California).
  • "From Electrical to Fuel Powered Artificial Muscles", Award Lecture for Kapitza Metal (Jan. 18, 2007, Moscow, Russia).
  • "From Multifunctional Carbon Nanotube Tarns and Transparent Sheets to Fuel-Powered Muscles and Devices for Energy Harvesting, Storage, and Conversion", Honeywell Corporation (January 22, 2007, Morristown, New Jersey).
  • "Strain Amplification for Artificial Muscles and Sensors Using Giant Poisson Ratios and Giant Linear Compressibilities", 2nd International Symposium on Electromaterials Science (Feb. 7-9, 2007, Wollongong, Australia).
  • "From Electrical to Fuel Powered Artificial Muscles", Euroconference on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials (March 10-16, 2007, Kirchberg, Austria).
  • "Autonomous Carbon Nanotube and Shape Memory Yarn, Sheet, and Wire Systems", SPIE Smart Structures and Materials Symposium (March 18-22, 2007, San Diego, CA).
  • "Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets", The Best Little Nano Conference in Texas (Austin, Texas, April 4-5, 2007).
  • "Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit", Petersen Institute of NanoScience and Engineering, University of Pittsburgh (Feb 4, 2008, Pittsburgh, PA).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", Monash University (Feb. 21-22, 2008, Melbourne, Australia).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", US AFRL-Israeli Bio/Nano Workshop for Materials (March 24-25, 2008, San Francisco, CA).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", ChemOnTubes 08, (April 6-9, 2008, Zaragoza, Spain).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", Nano for Defense Applications (April 21-23, 2008, Arlington, Virginia).
  • "Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit",Hoby Youth Leadership Conference (May 16, 2008, Dallas, TX).
  • "Fabrication and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Self-Woven Sheets", Third International Conference on Smart Materials Structures and Systems (June 8-13, 2008, Acireale, Sicily).
  • "Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets", Keynote Lecture, 2nd New Diamond and Nano Carbon (May 26-29, 2008, Taipei, Taiwan).
  • "Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets", POLYMER FIBRES 2008 (July 9-11, 2008, University of Manchester, UK).
  • "Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit", Technology Club of Dallas (August 12, 2008, Dallas, TX).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (Sept. 4, 2008, Daejeon, South Korea).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", Seminar Series of Hanyang Univ. (Sept. 5, 2008, Seoul, South Korea).
  • Bayer Polymer Engineering Lectures: "Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit" and "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member" (Sept. 18-19, 2008, Univ. of Akron).
  • "Nanotechnology: Having Fun in Scientific Discovery and Generating New Products", Hispanic Science and Technology Program (Sept. 22, 2008, University of Texas, Pan American).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", NanoTX 08 (Oct. 2, 2008, Dallas, Texas).
  • "Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit", Petersen Institute of NanoScience and Engineering, University of Pittsburgh (Feb 4, 2008, Pittsburgh, PA).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", Monash University (Feb. 21-22, 2008, Melbourne, Australia).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", US AFRL-Israeli Bio/Nano Workshop for Materials (March 24-25, 2008, San Francisco, CA).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", ChemOnTubes 08, (April 6-9, 2008, Zaragoza, Spain).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", Nano for Defense Applications (April 21-23, 2008, Arlington, Virginia).
  • "Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit",Hoby Youth Leadership Conference (May 16, 2008, Dallas, TX).
  • "Fabrication and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Self-Woven Sheets", Third International Conference on Smart Materials Structures and Systems (June 8-13, 2008, Acireale, Sicily).
  • "Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets", Keynote Lecture, 2nd New Diamond and Nano Carbon (May 26-29, 2008, Taipei, Taiwan).
  • "Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets", POLYMER FIBRES 2008 (July 9-11, 2008, University of Manchester, UK).
  • "Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit", Technology Club of Dallas (August 12, 2008, Dallas, TX).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (Sept. 4, 2008, Daejeon, South Korea).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", Seminar Series of Hanyang Univ. (Sept. 5, 2008, Seoul, South Korea).
  • Bayer Polymer Engineering Lectures: "Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit" and "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member" (Sept. 18-19, 2008, Univ. of Akron).
  • "Nanotechnology: Having Fun in Scientific Discovery and Generating New Products", Hispanic Science and Technology Program (Sept. 22, 2008, University of Texas, Pan American).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", NanoTX 08 (Oct. 2, 2008, Dallas, Texas).

News Articles

Scientists Make Strong, Super-tough Carbon Sheets at Low Temperature
An international research team led by scientists at Beihang University in China and The University of Texas at Dallas has developed high-strength, super-tough sheets of carbon that can be inexpensively fabricated at low temperatures.

The team made the sheets by chemically stitching together platelets of graphitic carbon, which is similar to the graphite found in the soft lead of an ordinary pencil. The fabrication process resulted in a material whose mechanical properties exceed those of carbon fiber composites currently used in commercial products.
NanoTech Director Makes List of Top Researchers
UT Dallas scientist Dr. Ray Baughman has been ranked one of the decade’s top 100 material scientists in a list compiled by Thomson Reuters. Baughman, who ranked 30th according to the study, is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas; a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the Royal Society of Chemistry; and an academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. In August 2001, after a career in private industry, he became the Robert A. Welch Distinguished Chair in Chemistry and director of the Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute at UT Dallas.
NanoTech Institute Director Ray Baughman Elected to National Academy of Engineering
Dr. Ray Baughman, one of the most talented and pioneering nanotechnologists of his time, has been recognized by his peers through election to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). He was one of only two Texans among 65 new members added by the Academy, according to an announcement Friday. Baughman, the Robert A. Welch Distinguished Chair in Chemistry in the School of Natural Science and Mathematics, and director of the Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute at UT Dallas, and was tapped for membership to the NAE for his contributions to the science of nanotechnology, specifically for his work in pioneering novel applications of conjugated polymers and related materials.
NanoTech Director Honored by Chinese Scholars
In a ceremony held recently at Nankai University, in Tianjin City, China, Dr. Ray Baughman received the university’s highest honorary title. The university lauded Baughman’s achievements in the field of nanotechnology, including the development of artificial muscles based on carbon nanotubes, by making him a Yang Shixian Professor. Baughman is a Robert A. Welch Chair in Chemistry and director of the Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute at UT Dallas. He was recognized for the appointment by Nankai University President Zihe Rao.
Sheaths Become Mighty New Layer in Research Team’s Artificial Muscles
Over the last 15 years, researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas and their international colleagues have invented several types of strong, powerful artificial muscles using materials ranging from high-tech carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to ordinary fishing line.

In a new study published July 12 in the journal Science, the researchers describe their latest advance, called sheath-run artificial muscles, or SRAMs.

The research group’s previous muscles were made by twisting CNT yarn, polymer fishing line or nylon sewing thread. By twisting these fibers to the point that they coil, the researchers produced muscles that dramatically contract, or actuate, along their length when heated and return to their initial length when cooled.