Ray Baughman

Ray Baughman

Robert A. Welch Distinguished Chair in Chemistry
Professor - Chemistry
Director of the Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute
 
972-883-6538
BE3316A
NanoTech Institute
ORCID
Tags: Materials and Polymers Chemistry

Professional Preparation

Ph.D. - DEAP Applied Physics
Harvard University - 1971
B.S. - Physics
Carnegie Mellon University - 1964

Research Areas

RESEARCH INTERESTS
  • Nanoscale Self-Assembly
  • Nanomaterials Processing
  • Electronics/Optics/Magnetics
  • Nanoscale Devices
  • Photonic Crystals
  • Electrochemical Devices
  • Highly Conducting Organic Polymers
  • Carbon Nanotubes
  • Artificial Muscles
  • Ferroelectrics
  • New Forms of Carbon
  • Auxetic Materials
  • Solid-State Synthesis
  • Nano-Bio Interface

Overview
Ray Baughman received a B.S. in Physics from Carnegie Mellon University and a Ph.D. in the Materials Science area from Harvard University. Upon graduation he went to Allied Chemical, which later became AlliedSignal and then Honeywell. In August 2001, he became the Robert A. Welch Chair in Chemistry and Director of the Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute at the University of Texas in Dallas.

Ray is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas, the Academia Europaea, and the European Academy of Sciences and Arts; a foreign member of the European Academy of Sciences; a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, the National Academy of Inventors, and the American Physical Society; an Academician of The Russian Academy of Natural Sciences; an honorary professor of 8 universities in China; and is on editorial or advisory boards of Science and other journals.

Ray has 106 issued US patents and over 490 refereed publications, with over 40,500 citations and a Web of Science h-index of 88. He has received the Chemical Pioneer Award of the American Institute of Chemists (1995), the Cooperative Research Award in Polymer Science and Engineering (1996), the New Materials Innovation Prize of the Avantex International Forum for Innovative Textiles (2005), Nano 50 Awards from Nanotech Briefs Magazine for Carbon Nanotube Sheets and Yarns (2006) and for Fuel Powered Artificial Muscles (2007), the NanoVic Prize from Australia (2006), the Scientific American Magazine 50 recognition for outstanding technological leadership (2006), the CSIRO Metal for Research Achievement (2006), the Chancellor’s Entrepreneurship and Invention Award (2007), the 21 for the 21st Century award (2007), the Alumni Distinguished Achievement Award of Carnegie Mellon University (2007), the Kapitza Metal of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (2007), the Graffin Lectureship of the American Carbon Society (2010), the Tech Titans Award in Education (2011), Time Magazine recognition in 50 Best Inventions of the Year (2011), the SGL Carbon Award of the American Carbon Society (2013), the Tech Titans Technology Inventors Award (2015), the 2015 Inventor Award for Energy Harvesting Materials and Systems, and the R&D 100 Gold Award for Market Disruptor Product (2015). He was named the Honorable Yang Shi-Xiang Professor of Nankai University and the Honorable Tang Aoqing Professor of Jilin University in 2010, and was listed 30th in the Top 100 Material Scientists of the Decade (2000-2010) and the Top 1% Most Cited in Cross-Fields in 2018. Baughman Laboratories were established in his honor in China in 2014 at the Jiangnan Graphene Research Institute in Changzhou and in 2018 at the University of Science and Technology in Liaoning.  


Publications

Fast Large-Stroke Sheath-Driven Electrothermal Artificial Muscles with High Power Densities 2022 - Journal Article
The strongest and toughest predicted materials: Linear atomic chains without a Peierls instability 2022 - Journal Article
Simulation of surface asperities on a carbon fiber using molecular dynamics and fourier series decomposition to predict interfacial shear strength in polymer matrix composites 2022 - Journal Article
Improved thermoacoustic sound projectors by vibration mode modification 2022 - Journal Article
More Powerful Twistron Carbon Nanotube Yarn Mechanical Energy Harvesters 2022 - Journal Article
Self-Powered Carbon Nanotube Yarn for Acceleration Sensor Application 2021 - Journal Article
The Power of Fiber Twist 2021 - Journal Article
Understanding the low frequency response of carbon nanotube thermoacoustic projectors 2021 - Journal Article
Unipolar stroke, electroosmotic pump carbon nanotube yarn muscles 2021 - Journal Article
Using ultra-thin interlaminar carbon nanotube sheets to enhance the mechanical and electrical properties of carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites 2021 - Journal Article

Appointments

Robert A. Welch Professor
University of Texas at Dallas [2001–Present]
Director
University of Texas at Dallas [2001–Present]
Corporate Fellow
Honeywell International [1990–1991]
Manager
Honeywell International [1978–1990]
Group Leader
Honeywell International [1974–1978]
Staff Scientist
Honeywell International [1970–1973]

Awards

Fellows - National Academy of Inventors
National Academy of Engineering Technology Inventors Award - [2015]

Additional Information

HONORS
  • Member National Academy of Engineering (Elected 2008)
  • Member Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas (Elected 2008)
  • Member of Academia Europaea (Elected 2017)
  • Member of European Academy of Sciences and Arts (Elected 2017)
  • Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (Elected 2019)
  • Fellow of National Academy of Inventors (Elected 2015)
  • Foreign Member of European Academy of Sciences (Elected 2015)
  • Foreign Member of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (Elected 1997)
  • Fellow of the Royal Soc. of Chemistry (2010) and the Amer. Phys. Society (1981)
  • Editorial Boards of Science (2000-), Synthetic Metals (1978-07) and Int. J. of Nanosci. (2002-)
  • Strategic Advisory Board Member, International Center of Future Science, Jilin University (18-23)
  • 2018 Honor for Top 1% Most Highly Cited in Cross-Fields Category
  • Tech Titans Inventors Award, Awarded for the impact of inventions on society (2015)
  • R&D 100 Special Recognition Gold Award for Market Disruptor Product (2015)
  • The SGL Carbon Award of the American Carbon Society (2013)
  • European network on Artificial Muscles Award for pioneering work on artificial muscles (2012)
  • Tech Titans Award in Education (2011)
  • Time Magazines 50 Best Inventions of the Year (2011)
  • Listed 30th on Top 100 Materials Scientists of the Decade (2000-2010)
  • Honorary Graffin Lectureship of the American Carbon Society (2009-2010)
  • Alumni Distinguished Achievement Award of Carnegie Mellon University (2007)
  • Kapitza Metal of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (2007)
  • Nano 50 Awards (06&07), Scientific American 50 List (06), NanoVic Prize (Australia, 06)
  • CSIRO Metal for Technical Achievement (Australia, 06)
  • New Materials Innovation Prize, Avantex Intern. Forum for Innovative Textiles (2005)
  • Chemical Pioneer Award of the American Institute of Chemists (1995)
  • Allied Signal Technical Achievement Awards for Sonar Hydrophones (1996), Polyaniline Compositions and Applications (1994), Time-Temperature Indicators (1988)
  • Cooperative Research Award in Polymer Science and Engineering (PMSE, ACS, 1996)
RECENT ADVISORY GROUPS (2000-Present)
International Advisory Board, Intelligent Polym. Res. Inst. (Australia, 1997-present)Advanced Materials Institute, Univ. New Orleans (1999-2004)External Advisory Board, Alabama EPSCoR (1995-2000) and Oklahoma EPSCoR (05-present)International Conferences on Synthetic Metals (1981-present)NSF-STC Strategic Advisory Board for the University of Washington in Seattle (2002-present)Nanotechnology Advisory Board for Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (2002-2004)Advisory Board for the Alan G. MacDiarmid Institute of Jilin, China (2001-present)
INVITED LECTURES SINCE 2007
  • "Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets", Northrop Grumman Lecture Series (January 8, 2007, Los Angeles, California).
  • "From Electrical to Fuel Powered Artificial Muscles", Award Lecture for Kapitza Metal (Jan. 18, 2007, Moscow, Russia).
  • "From Multifunctional Carbon Nanotube Tarns and Transparent Sheets to Fuel-Powered Muscles and Devices for Energy Harvesting, Storage, and Conversion", Honeywell Corporation (January 22, 2007, Morristown, New Jersey).
  • "Strain Amplification for Artificial Muscles and Sensors Using Giant Poisson Ratios and Giant Linear Compressibilities", 2nd International Symposium on Electromaterials Science (Feb. 7-9, 2007, Wollongong, Australia).
  • "From Electrical to Fuel Powered Artificial Muscles", Euroconference on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials (March 10-16, 2007, Kirchberg, Austria).
  • "Autonomous Carbon Nanotube and Shape Memory Yarn, Sheet, and Wire Systems", SPIE Smart Structures and Materials Symposium (March 18-22, 2007, San Diego, CA).
  • "Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets", The Best Little Nano Conference in Texas (Austin, Texas, April 4-5, 2007).
  • "Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit", Petersen Institute of NanoScience and Engineering, University of Pittsburgh (Feb 4, 2008, Pittsburgh, PA).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", Monash University (Feb. 21-22, 2008, Melbourne, Australia).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", US AFRL-Israeli Bio/Nano Workshop for Materials (March 24-25, 2008, San Francisco, CA).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", ChemOnTubes 08, (April 6-9, 2008, Zaragoza, Spain).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", Nano for Defense Applications (April 21-23, 2008, Arlington, Virginia).
  • "Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit",Hoby Youth Leadership Conference (May 16, 2008, Dallas, TX).
  • "Fabrication and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Self-Woven Sheets", Third International Conference on Smart Materials Structures and Systems (June 8-13, 2008, Acireale, Sicily).
  • "Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets", Keynote Lecture, 2nd New Diamond and Nano Carbon (May 26-29, 2008, Taipei, Taiwan).
  • "Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets", POLYMER FIBRES 2008 (July 9-11, 2008, University of Manchester, UK).
  • "Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit", Technology Club of Dallas (August 12, 2008, Dallas, TX).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (Sept. 4, 2008, Daejeon, South Korea).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", Seminar Series of Hanyang Univ. (Sept. 5, 2008, Seoul, South Korea).
  • Bayer Polymer Engineering Lectures: "Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit" and "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member" (Sept. 18-19, 2008, Univ. of Akron).
  • "Nanotechnology: Having Fun in Scientific Discovery and Generating New Products", Hispanic Science and Technology Program (Sept. 22, 2008, University of Texas, Pan American).
  • "Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member", NanoTX 08 (Oct. 2, 2008, Dallas, Texas).
  • “Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit”, Hoby Youth Leadership Conference (May 16, 2008, Dallas, TX).
  • “Fabrication and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Self-Woven Sheets”, Third International Conference on Smart Materials Structures and Systems (June 8-13, 2008, Acireale, Sicily).
  • “Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets”, Keynote Lecture, 2nd New Diamond and Nano Carbon (May 26-29, 2008, Taipei, Taiwan).
  • “Solid-State Fabrication, Structure, and Multifunctional Applications of Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Transparent Sheets”, POLYMER FIBRES 2008 (July 9-11, 2008, University of Manchester, UK).
  • “Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit”, Technology Club of Dallas (August 12, 2008, Dallas, TX).
  • “Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member”, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (Sept. 4, 2008, Daejeon, South Korea).
  • “Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member”, Seminar Series of Hanyang Univ. (Sept. 5, 2008, Seoul, South Korea).
  • Bayer Polymer Engineering Lectures: “Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit” and “Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member” (Sept. 18-19, 2008, Univ. of Akron).
  • “Nanotechnology: Having Fun in Scientific Discovery and Generating New Products”, Hispanic Science and Technology Program (Sept. 22, 2008, University of Texas, Pan American).
  • “Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member”, NanoTX 08 (Oct. 2, 2008, Dallas, Texas).
  • “Diverse Carbon Nanotube Artificial Muscles Meet an Exciting New Family Member”, Georgia Institute of Technology (Oct. 27, 2008, Atlanta, GA)
  • “Nanotechnology for Fun and Profit”, Raytheon Day of Learning (Nov. 3, 2008, Univ. of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas).
  •  “Fuel Powered and Electrically Powered Artificial Muscles Using Carbon Nanotubes and Shape Memory Alloys”, IEEE-Electron Devices Society (Nov. 18, 2008, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas).
  • “Nanotube Applications: From Fascinating Materials to Increasingly the Marketplace”, XXIIIrd International Winterschool on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials (March 7-14, 2009, Kirchberg Austria).
  • “Fuel Powered and Electrically Powered Artificial Muscles Using Carbon Nanotubes and Shape Memory Alloys”, Nanotechnology for Defense (Burlingame, CA, April 6-9, 2009).
  • “Giant Stroke, Superelastic Carbon Nanotube Aerogel Muscles”, Nanotech 2009, Clean Technology 2009 and TechConnect Summit 2009 (May 3-7, 2009, Houston, Texas).
  • “Giant Stroke, Superelastic Carbon Nanotube Aerogel Muscles”, Asian Research Network Symposium and Texas-Korea Nanotech Workshop (Seoul, Korea, May 18-20, 2009).
  • “The Promise of Nanotechnology”, Conference on Workforce Vitality in the Molecular-Era Economy, Cowboy Stadium, Arlington, Texas (August 14, 2009).
  • “Giant Stroke, Superelastic Carbon Nanotube Aerogel Muscles”, Rusnanotech Nanotechnology International Forum (Moscow, Oct. 6-8, 2009).
  • “Carbon Nanotube Aerogels as Giant Stoke Artificial Muscles and the Basis for New Multifunctional Composites”, Composites at Lake Louise 2009 (Lake Louise, Canada, Oct. 25-30, 2009).
  • “Harvesting Waste Thermal Energy Using a Carbon-Nanotube-Based
    Thermal-Electrochemical Cell”, University of Wollongong (Wollongong, Australia, Feb. 16, 2010).
  • “Giant Stroke, Superelastic Carbon Nanotube Aerogel Muscles”, 5th Annual International Electromaterials Symposium (University of Melbourne, Australia, Feb. 17-19, 2010).
  • “Publication of Your Best Work in Science or Nature - Requirements, Strategies, and Dangers”, The 3rd International Workshop on Interdisiplinary Sciences (April 4, 2010, National Research Foundation of Korea, Korea).
  • “Superelastic Carbon Nanotube Muscles Providing Giant Strokes and Giant Stroke Rates from 0 to 1900 K”, Graffin Lecture presented at Pennsylvania State University (April 18, 2010, University Park, PA)
  • “Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Sheets for Energy Harvesting, Energy Conversion, and Energy storage”, Graffin Lecture presented at Northwestern University (April 22, 2010, Evanston, Illinois).
  • “Superelastic Carbon Nanotube Muscles Providing Giant Strokes and Giant Stroke Rates from 0 to 1900 K”, Lecture upon Award of the Honorable Yang Shixian Professorship (April 27, 2010, Nankai University, Tianjin, China).
  • “Superelastic Carbon Nanotube Muscles Providing Giant Strokes and Giant Stroke Rates from 0 to 1900 K”, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science (April 28, Beijing, China).
  • “Harvesting Waste Thermal Energy Using a Carbon-Nanotube-Based
    Thermal-Electrochemical Cell”, College of Physics, Nankai University (April 29, 2010, Tianjin, China).
  • “The Diverse and Growing Family of Carbon Nanotube and Related Muscles”, First International Nanotechnology Conference (June 7-11, 2010, Quito, Ecuador).
  • “The Diverse and Growing Family of Carbon Nanotube and Related Muscles”, Keynote Lecture, 11th International Conference on the Science and Technology of Nanotubes, NT10 (June 27-July 2, 2010, Montréal, Québec, Canada).
  • “The Diverse and Growing Family of Carbon Nanotube and Related Muscles”, Keynote Lecture, International Conference on Science and Technology of Synthetic Metals (July 4-9, 2010, Kyoto, Japan).
  • “Multifunctional Nanostructured Yarns and Fabrics for Energy and Other Applications”, Second International Workshop on Nanocarbon Photonics and Optoelectronics (August 1-6, 2010, Koli, Finland).
  • “Multifunctional Nanostructured Yarns and Fabrics for Energy and Other Applications”, 9th US-Korea Workshop on Nanostructured Materials (August 10-12, 2010, Seattle, Washington).
  • “Multifunctional Nanostructured Yarns and Fabrics for Energy and Other Applications”, Southwest Research Institute (Sept. 10, 2010, San Antonio, Texas).
  • “Multifunctional Nanostructured Yarns and Fabrics for Energy and Other Applications”, University of Texas at San Antonio (Sept. 10, 2010, San Antonio, Texas).
  • “Multifunctional Nanostructured Yarns and Fabrics for Energy and Other Applications”, Keynote Lecture, Nanotechnology Materials and Devices Workshop 2010, University of Cincinnati (Oct. 4, 1010, Cincinnati, Ohio).
  • “Spinning the Unspinnable by Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets”, 2010 Xerox Distinguished Lecture Series, Xerox Research Center of Canada (Oct. 8, 2010, Toronto, Canada).
  • “Spinning the Unspinnable by Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Yarns”, Nankai University (Oct. 14, 2010, Tianjin, China).
  • “Spinning the Unspinnable by Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Yarns”, Lecture for Honorable Tang Aoqing Professorship, Alan G. MacDiarmid Institute, Jilin University (Oct. 19, 2010, Jilin, China).
  • “Spinning the Unspinnable by Biscrolling CSIRO/UTD Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Yarns”, CSIRO (February 8, 2011, Melbourne, Australia).
  • “Spinning the Unspinnable by Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Yarns”, Electromaterials Symposium 2011, University of Wollongong (Feb. 9-11, 2011, Wollongong, Australia).
  • “Spinning the Unspinnable by Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Yarns”, Applied Power Electronics Conference 2011 (March 6-10, 2011, Fort Worth, Texas).
  • “Spinning the Unspinnable by Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Yarns”, American Physical Society Spring Meeting (March 20-25, 2011, Dallas, Texas).
  • “Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Multifunctional Yarns for Energy Applications”, University of Utah, Physics Dept. Seminar Series (April 7, 2011, Salt Lake City, Utah).
  • “Spinning the Unspinnable by Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Yarns”, Materials Research Society Spring Meeting (April 24-29, 2011, San Francisco)
  • “Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Yarns for Multifunctional Applications”, Global R&D Forum 2011 (June 6-8, 2011, Seoul, Korea).
  • “Nanoscale Functional Composites for Energy Applications”, Keynote Lecture for The 18th International Conference on Composite Materials (August 21-26, 2011, Jeju Island, Korea).
  •  “Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Multifunctional Yarns for Energy Applications”, China NANO 2011 (Sept. 7-9, 2011, Beijing, China).
  • “Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Multifunctional Yarns for Energy Applications”, Struttgart NanoDays (Sept. 28-29, 2011, Ludwigsburg, Germany).
  • “Carbon Nanotube Torsional Muscles”, 2011 Nanotechnology Materials and Devices Workshop, University of Cincinnati (Oct. 3, 2011, Cincinnati, Ohio)
  • “Novel Materials for Energy Storage Solutions”, Global Climate and Energy Project Symposium, Stanford University (Oct. 4-5, 2011, Stanford, California).
  • “Spinning the Unspinnable by Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Yarns”, International Congress on Innovative Textiles (Oct. 20-22, 2011, Istanbul, Turkey).
  • “Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Multifunctional Yarns for Energy Applications”, Materials Research Society National Meeting (Nov. 28-Dec. 1, 2011, Boston).
  • “The Diverse and Growing Family of Carbon Nanotube and Related Artificial Muscles”,
    7th Annual International Electromaterials Science Symposium“ (February 15-17, 2012, Geelong, Australia).
  • “Fabrication and Application Opportunities for Forest-Derived Carbon Nanotube Sheets and Yarns”, Conference on Processing and Fabrication Challenge for Functional Materials, University of Wollongong (Feb. 20-21, 2012, Wollongong, Australia).
  • “Carbon Nanotube Sheets and Yarns for Energy Harvesting, Storage, and Conversion”,
    Carbons for Energy Conversion
  •  Symposium of the American Carbon Society (March 29-30, 2012, Stone Mountain Georgia).
  • “The Diverse and Growing Family of Carbon Nanotube and Related Artificial Muscles”,
    Graphene and Green Energy International Symposium (April 19-22, 2012, Tianjin, China, 2012).
  • “Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Multifunctional Yarns for Energy Applications”, International Conference on Synthetic Metals (July 8-13, 2012, Atlanta, Georgia).
  • “The Diverse and Growing Family of Carbon Nanotube and Related Artificial Muscles”, ASME 2012 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures, and Intelligent Systems (Sept. 19-21, 2012, Stone Mountain, Georgia).
  • “High Performance, Electrolyte-Free Torsional and Tensile Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Muscles”, 11th China International Nanoscience and Technology Symposium (Oct 21-25, 2012, Kunming, China).
  • “High Performance, Electrolyte-Free Torsional and Tensile Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Muscles”, 2012 Nanotechnology Materials and Devices Workshop (Nov. 5, 6, 2012, Dayton, Ohio).
  • “Spinning the Unspinnable by Biscrolling Nanofiber Sheets and Functional Guests into Yarns”, Fiber Society's Fall Meeting and Technical Conference (Nov. 7-9, 2012, Boston).
  • “Using Nanotechnology to Build High Performance Artificial Muscles”, Leon Kane-Maguire Address, University of Wollongong (Feb. 13-15, 2013, Wollongong, Australia).
  • “High Performance, Electrolyte-Free Torsional and Tensile Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Muscles”, Jahreskongress Innovationsallianz Carbon Nanotubes (Feb. 20-21, 2013, Stuttgart, Germany).
  • “High Performance, Electrolyte-Free Torsional and Tensile Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Muscles”, SPIE Smart Structures and Materials Symposium (March 10-14, 2013, San Diego, CA).
  • “High Performance, Electrolyte-Free Torsional and Tensile Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Muscles” (April 12, 2013, Florida State University, Talahasee).
  • “Weavable Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Yarn Muscles and Their Applications in Textiles”,
    Keynote Lecture at textile Congress: Innovative and Functional Textiles (May 30-31, 2013, Istanbul, Turkey).
  • “Powerful, large-stroke hybrid carbon nanotube yarn muscles”, Fudan University (May 23, 2013, Shanghai, China).
  •  “Multifunctional carbon nanotube yarns for artificial muscles and energy harvesting and energy storing textiles”, NANO KOREA 2013 (July 10-12, 2013, Seoul, Korea).
  • “Multifunctional carbon nanotube yarns for artificial muscles and energy harvesting and energy storing textiles”, SGL Award Lecture for The Annual World Conference on Carbon (July 14-19, 2013, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil).
  • “High Performance, Electrolyte-Free Torsional and Tensile Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Muscles”, 19th International Conference on Composite Materials (July 28-August 2, 2013, Montreal, Canada).
  • “High Performance, Electrolyte-Free Torsional and Tensile Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Muscles”, 7th World Conference on Biomimetics, Artificial Muscles, and Nano-Bio, (August 26-30, 2013, Jeju Island, Korea).
  • “NanoTechnology for Fun and Profit”, Plenary Dinner Lecture at a meeting of the Texas Section of the American Physical Society (Oct. 11, 2013, Brownsville, Texas)
  • “High Performance, Electrolyte-Free Torsional and Tensile Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Muscles”, Keynote Lecture at The Fiber Society Meeting on Fibers Interfacing the World
    (Oct. 23-25, 2013, Clemson, South Carolina).
  • “NanoTechnology for Fun and Profit”, The INT Physics Days 2013, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Nov. 14-15, 2013, Karlsruhe, Germany).
  • Artificial Muscles from Fishing Line and Sewing Thread”, 9th Annual International Electromaterials Symposium, University of Wollongong (Feb. 12-14, 2014, Wollongong, Australia).
  • “Artificial Muscles for Fun and Profit”, Nanotechnology Materials and Devices Workshop 2014 (Feb. 24-25, 2014, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio).
  • “The Evolution of Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable, and Cheap Polymer Artificial Muscles from Carbon Nanotube Muscles”, Stuttgart NanoDays Workshop (September 17-19, Stuttgart, Germany, 2014).
  • “The Evolution of Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable and Cheap Polymer Muscles from Carbon Nanotube Muscles”, Materials Research Society National Meeting
    (April 21-25, 2014, San Francisco).
  • “The Evolution of Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable and Cheap Polymer Muscles from Carbon Nanotube Muscles”, The 11th International Workshop on Piezoelectric Materials and Applications in Actuators (Sept. 22-25, 2014, Suzhou, China).
  • “The Evolution of Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable and Cheap Polymer Muscles from Carbon Nanotube Muscles”, Mechanical Science and Engineering Seminar Series, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (Sept. 21, 2014, Urbana, Illinois).
  • “The Evolution of Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable and Cheap Polymer Muscles from Carbon Nanotube Muscles”, Rice University Materials Science and Engineering Seminar Series (Sept. 24, 2014, Houston, TX).
  • “Biscrolled Multifunctional Nanofiber Yarns for Energy Applications”, 10th Annual International Electromaterials Science Symposium (University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia, Feb. 13, 2015).
  • “Powerful, Giant-Stroke Artificial Muscles from Twisted and Coiled Carbon Nanotube Yarns”, International Winterschool on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials (Kirchberg, Austria, March 12, 2015).
  • “The Evolution of Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable, and Cheap Polymer Artificial Muscles from Carbon Nanotube Muscles”, Complex Systems Seminar Series (Northwestern University, April 2, 2015).
  • Strong, Powerful, Lightweight, Nanotube, and Polymer Muscles for Actuation, and Energy Harvesting for Air and Spacecraft”, Northrop Grumman Nanotechnology Workshop (Redondo Beach, California, July 6, 2015).
  • “Powerful Artificial Muscles for Morphing Composites”, 20th International Conference on Composite Materials (Copenhagen, Denmark, July 22, 2015).
  • “Powerful, Giant-Stroke Artificial Muscles From Twisted and Coiled Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Polymer Fibers”, XXIV International Materials Research Congress 2015
    (Cancun, Mexico, August 19, 2015).
  • “Harvesting Waste Chemical and Thermal Energy Using Carbon Nanotube Yarn and Polymer Fiber Muscles”, BAMN 2015: Biomimetics, Artificial Muscle, and Nano-Bio (Vancouver, Canada, August 24-26, 2015).
  • “Harvesting Waste Chemical and Thermal Energy Using Carbon Nanotube Yarn and Polymer Fiber Muscles”, 10th Energy Harvesting Workshop (Virginia Tech, Sept. 14, 2015).
  • “The Evolution of Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable, and Cheap Polymer Artificial Muscles from Carbon Nanotube Muscles”, Novel Materials – A Symposium of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (National Academies of Sciences Building, Washington, D.C., Oct. 7, 2015).
  • “Powerful artificial muscles for morphing composites and other applications”, Composites at Lake Louise-2015 (Alberta, Lake Louise, Canada, Nov. 8-12, 2015).
  • “The Evolution of Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable and Cheap Polymer Muscles from Carbon Nanotube Muscles”, Symposium on Nanomaterials in honor of Prof. Herbert Gleiter, City University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, Nov. 19, 2015).
  • “Yarns and Textiles that Sense, Actuate, Harvest, and Store Energy”, Seminar Hong Kong Polytechnic Institute (Hong Kong, Nov. 24, 2015).
  • “Multifunctional Biscrolled CNT and Polymer Yarns for Energy Storing, and Energy Harvesting Textiles and Artificial Muscles”, Materials Research Society Fall Meeting (Boston, Massachusetts, Dec. 2, 2015).   
  • “Strong, Powerful, Torsional, and Tensile, Artificial Muscles from Twisted and Coiled CNT Yarns”, Materials Research Society Fall Meeting (Boston, Massachusetts, Dec. 4, 2015).
  • “Environmentally Powered Yarn Arrays that Sense, Actuate, Harvest, and Store Energy”, 11th Annual International Electromaterials Science Symposium (Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia, Feb. 10-12, 2016).
  • “Sheath-Core Conducting Fibers for Weavable Superelastic Wires, Biosensors, Supercapacitors, Strain Sensors, and Artificial Muscles”, Keynote Lecture at IUTAM (International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics) Symposium on Mechanics of Stretchable Electronics), (Hanzhou, China, March 17 and 18, 2016)
  • “Sheath-Core Conducting Fibers for Weavable Superelastic Wires, Biosensors, Supercapacitors, Strain Sensors, and Artificial Muscles”, 7th Nanotechnology Materials and Devices Workshop (University of Dayton, Dayton, Ohio, May. 23-25, 2016).
  • “The Evolution of Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable, and Cheap Polymer Artificial Muscles from Carbon Nanotube Muscles”, 5th International Conference on Smart and Multifunctional Materials, Structures, & Systems” (CIMTEC 2015) (Perugia, Italy, June 5-9, 2016)
  •  “Environmentally Powered Carbon Nanotube Yarns and Polymer Fibers that Sense, Actuate, Harvest, and Store Energy”, The 24th International Conference on Science and Technology of Synthetic Metals (Guangzhou, China, June 26-July 1, 2016).
  • “Thermomechanical, Thermoelectric, and Thermoelectrochemical Electrical Energy Harvesting Using Nanostructured Fibers, Yarns, Sheets, and Textiles”, 11th Energy Harvesting Workshop (Arlington, Virginia, Sept. 6-7, 2016).
  • “The Evolution Of Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable, And Cheap Polymer Artificial Muscles From Carbon Nanotube Muscles”, Keynote and Kreidl Memorial Lecture at the 28th Rio Grande Symposium on Advanced Materials (Albuquerque, New Mexico, Oct. 3, 2016).
  • “The Evolution of Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable, and Cheap Polymer Artificial Muscles from Carbon Nanotube Muscles”, International Union of Materials Research Societies International Conference in Asia (Qingdao, China, Oct. 20-24, 2016).
  • “Thermomechanical, Thermoelectric, and Thermoelectrochemical Electrical Energy Harvesting Using Nanostructured Fibers, Yarns, Sheets, and Textiles”, ACES Electromaterials Symposium (Wollongong, Australia, Feb. 8-10, 2017).
  • “The Evolution of Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable, and Cheap Polymer Artificial Muscles From Carbon Nanotube Muscles”, Carnegie Mellon University (Pittsburgh, Feb. 17, 2017).
  • “Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable, and Cheap Polymer Fiber and Hybrid Nanofiber Yarn Artificial Muscles and Their Applications”, 2017 International Forum on Graphene (Shenzhen, China, April 10-12, 2017).
  • “Harvesting, Storing, and Converting Energy for Fun and Profit”, World Graphene Innovation Conference (Changzhou, China, July 5-7, 2017).
  • “Thermomechanical, Thermoelectric, and Thermoelectrochemical Electrical Energy Harvesting Using Nanostructured Fibers, Yarns, Sheets, and Textiles”, Donghua University (Shanghai, China, April 13, 2017).
  • “Strong, Fast, Powerful, Durable, and Cheap Polymer fiber and Hybrid Nanofiber Yarn Artificial Muscles and Their Applications”, Plenary Lecture at the 21th  International Conference on Composite Materials (Xian, China, August 20-25, 2017).
  • “Biscrolled Nanofiber Composite Yarns for Multifunctional Applications: Energy Storage, Energy Harvesting, Sensing and Actuation”, The 21th  International Conference on Composite Materials (Xian, China, August 20-25, 2017).
  • “Harvesting Torsional and Tensile Mechanical as Electrical Energy Using Nanofiber Yarns”, Applied Smart Materials for Automotive 2017 (Stuttgart, Germany, Nov. 8-9, 2017).
  • “Harvesting Torsional and Tensile Mechanical as Electrical Energy Using Nanofiber Yarns”, 12th Energy Harvesting Workshop and 1st Annual Energy Harvesting Society Meeting (Tysons Corner Virginia, Sept. 11-14, 2017).
  • Energy Harvesting and Comfort Adjusting Textiles”, 2017 International Conference on Advanced Fibers and Polymer Materials (Shanghai, China, Oct. 8-10, 2017).
  • “Harvesting, Storing, and Converting Energy Using Fibers, Yarns, and Textiles” Materials Research Society (Boston, Mass., Nov. 26-Dec. 1, 2017).
  • “Electrochemically Harvesting Waste Thermal, Mechanical, and Chemical Energy as Electrical Energy Using Artificial Muscles”, Materials Research Society (Boston, Mass., Nov. 26-Dec. 1, 2017).
  • “Harvesting, Storing, and Converting Energy Using Fibers, Yarns, and Textiles”, 5th Nano Today Conference (Hawaii, Dec. 6–10, 2017).
  • “Strong, Powerful, Artificial Muscle Yarns and Fibers Whose Multifunctionality Provides Intelligence and the Ability to Harvest Energy”, Gordon Research Conference on
    Multifunctional Materials and Structure (Ventura, CA, Jan. 14-19, 2018).
  • “Harvesting Torsional and Tensile Mechanical Energy as Electrical Energy Using Nanofiber Yarns”, ACES Electromaterials Symposium (Wollongong, Australia, Feb. 4-6, 2018).
  • “Stronger, Faster, and More Powerful Artificial Muscle Yarns and Fibers”, SPIE Smart Structures + Nondestructive Evaluation (Denver, March 4-8, 2018).
  • “Stronger, Faster, and More Powerful Artificial Muscle Yarns and Fibers”, Changzhou University (Changzhou, China, March 19, 2018).
  • “Stronger, Faster, and More Powerful Artificial Muscle Yarns and Fibers”, Dingxin Lecture at Jilin University (Changchun, China, March 21, 2018).
  • “Harvesting Torsional and Tensile Mechanical Energy as Electrical Energy Using Nanofiber Yarns”, 233rd Electrochemical Society Meeting (Seattle, Washington, May 13-17, 2018).
  • “Strong, Powerful Artificial Muscles Yarns and Fibers Who’s Multifunctionality Provides Intelligence and the Ability to Harvest Energy”, 2018 Nanotechnology Materials and Devices Workshop (Univ. of Cincinnati, Dayton, Ohio, May 21-22, 2018).
  • “Strong, Powerful Artificial Muscles Yarns and Fibers Who’s Multifunctionality Provides Intelligence and the Ability to Harvest Energy”, Skoltech (Skolkova, Russia, May 28, 2018).
  •  “Strong, Powerful Artificial Muscles Yarns and Fibers Who’s Multifunctionality Provides Intelligence and the Ability to Harvest Energy”, Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys (Moscow, Russia, May 28, 2018).
  • “Strong, Powerful Artificial Muscles Yarns and Fibers Who’s Multifunctionality Provides Intelligence and the Ability to Harvest Energy”, 11th International Conference
     “Carbon: Fundamental Problem, Material Science, Technology
    ” (Troiksk, Russia, May 29-June 1).
  • “Strong, Powerful Artificial Muscles Yarns and Fibers Who’s Multifunctionality Provides Intelligence and the Ability to Harvest Energy”, Symposium on Nanophotonics and Metamaterials (Saint Petersburg, Russia, June 4-7, 2018).
  • “Strong, Powerful Artificial Muscles Yarns and Fibers Who’s Multifunctionality Provides Intelligence and the Ability to Harvest Energy”, Plenary lecture at the 5th International Conference on Multi-Functional Materials and Structures (Shenyang, China, June 10-13, 2018).
  • “Strong, Powerful Artificial Muscles Yarns and Fibers Who’s Multifunctionality Provides Intelligence and the Ability to Harvest Energy”, Tsinghua-Berkeley Shenzhen Institute (Shenyang, China, June 13, 2018).
  • “Harvesting Torsional and Tensile Mechanical Energy as Electrical Energy Using Nanofiber Yarns”, 2nd Bioinspired Interfacial Materials and Devices Conference (Beihang, University, Beijing, China, June 22-24, 2018).
  • “Strong, Powerful Artificial Muscles Yarns and Fibers Who’s Multifunctionality Provides Intelligence and the Ability to Harvest Energy”, Plenary lecture, North America Thermal Analysis Society Conference (University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Aug. 6, 2018).
  • "Nanostructured Carbon Materials and their Applications”, 2018 MRS International Materials Research Congress (Cancun, Mexico, August 19-24, 2018).
  • “Energy Harvesting, Energy Storing, and Comfort Adjusting Yarns and Textiles”, The 2nd Annual Energy Harvesting Society Meeting (Philadelphia, Sept. 5-7, 2018).
  • “Energy Harvesting, Energy Storing, and Actuating Yarns and Textiles”, Electrical Engineering Distinguished Lecture, SUNY University of Buffalo (Buffalo, New York, Sept. 28, 2018).
  • “Energy Harvesting, Energy Storing, and Actuating Yarns and Textiles”, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, SKKU (Seoul, Korea, Oct. 8, 2018).
  • “Energy Harvesting, Energy Storing, and Actuating Yarns and Textiles”, Jilin University (Changchun, China, Oct. 18, 2018).
  • “Energy Harvesting, Energy Storing, and Actuating Yarns and Textiles”, University of Science and Technology Liaoning (Liaoning, China, Oct. 21, 2018).
  • “Energy Harvesting, Energy Storing, and Actuating Yarns and Textiles”, Nanjing University of Technology (Nanjing, China, Oct. 17, 2018)
  • “Energy Harvesting, Energy Storing, and Actuating Yarns and Textiles”, Plenary Lecture for CHInano 2018 Conference and Expo (Suzhou, China. Oct. 24-26, 2018).
  • “The Living Platform Theory of Invention Spawns Powerful Artificial Muscles (and many other technologies)”, Keynote Address for forum on RETHINK DISRUPTION: Emerging Technologies Transforming Business & Society (Half Moon Bay, CA, Nov. 2, 2018).
  • “Energy Harvesting, Energy Storing, and Actuating Yarns and Textiles”, Electromaterials Science Symposium, ARC Centre of Excellence (Geelong, Australia, Feb. 11-13, 2019).
  • “Energy Harvesting, Energy Storing, and Actuating Yarns and Textiles”, Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Minnesota (Minneapolis, MN, Feb. 20, 2019).
  • “Sixty Years of Fun in Science and Technology”, Keynote talk at SPIE meeting on Smart Structures and Nondestructive Evaluation (Denver, Co, March 3-7, 2019).
  • “Sixty Years of Fun in Science and Technology”, INHA University (Incheon, Korea, March 25).
  • “Electrochemical Artificial Muscle Yarns and Textiles that Harvest and Store Environmentally Available Energies”, Guadalupe workshop on single wall carbon nanotubes & related materials (Fredericksburgh, Texas, April 15-18, 2019).
  • “Electrochemical Artificial Muscle Yarns and Textiles that Harvest and Store Environmentally Available Energies”, Keynote Talk, 235th ECS Meeting (Dallas, Texas, May 26-30, 2019).
  • “Electrochemical Artificial Muscle Yarns and Textiles that Harvest and Store Environmentally Available Energies”, Plenary Talk, Advances in Functional Materials 2019 (Washington, DC, July 22-24, 2019).
  • “Sheath-Run Artificial Muscles and Their Use for Robotics, Environmental Energy Harvesters, Comfort Adjusting Textiles, and Electricity Generation”, Keynote Talk, ChinaNANO2019 (Beijing, August 17-19, 2019).
  • “Electrochemical Artificial Muscle Yarns and Textiles that Harvest and Store Environmentally Available Energies”, 1st International Symposium on Intelligent Flexible Mechatronics (Jiangsu University, China, August 20-23, 2019).
  • “Electrochemical Artificial Muscle Yarns and Textiles that Harvest and Store Environmentally Available Energies”, Composites at Lake Louise 2019 (Alberta, Canada, November 10-14, 2019).
  • “Sheath-Run Artificial Muscles and Their Use for Robotics, Environmental Energy Harvesters, Comfort Adjusting Textiles, and Electricity Generation”, Plenary Lecture at 9th International Conference on Advanced Fibers and Polymer Materials (Shanghai, China, Nov. 10-22, 2019).
  • “Electrochemical Artificial Muscle Yarns and Textiles that Harvest and Store Environmentally Available Energies”, Goodenough Materials Innovation Lecture Series, (University of Texas at Austin video talk, July 31, 2020)
  • “Sheath-Run Artificial Muscles and Their Use for Robotics, Environmental Energy Harvesters, Comfort Adjusting Textiles, and Electricity Generation”, 2nd International Symposium on Intelligent Flexible Mechatronics (Jiangsu University video talk, Oct. 27, 2020).
  • “Sheath-Run Artificial Muscles and Their Use for Robotics, Environmental Energy Harvesters, Comfort Adjusting Textiles, and Electricity Generation”, Vebelo Fellow Lecture (Webinar on Science, Engineering and Technology, Nov. 18, 2020).
  • “Knowledge-Driven Design and Optimization of New Types of Yarn and Fiber Artificial Muscles”, 36th Annual Technical Conference of American Society for Composites (Sept. 30, 2020, virtual).
  • “Powerful, Large Stroke Electrochemical Carbon Nanotube Yarn Artificial Muscles”, Raymond F. Boyer Lecturer, Case Western Reserve University (March 4, 2022).
  • “Unipolar-Stroke, Electroosmotic-Pump Carbon Nanotube Yarn Muscles”, SPIE Smart Structures, Long Beach California (March 9, 2022).
  • “Powerful, Large Stroke Electrochemical Carbon Nanotube Yarn Artificial Muscles”, Invited Talk, MRS Spring Meeting (Honolulu, May 10, 2022).
  • “Powerful, Large Stroke Electrochemical Carbon Nanotube Yarn Artificial Muscles”, Plenary Talk, 3rd International Congress on Innovative Textiles (Istanbul by video, May 18, 2022).
  • “Powerful, Large Stroke Electrochemical Carbon Nanotube Yarn Artificial Muscles and Their Use for Energy Harvesting”, CIMTEC 2020, 9th Forum on New Materials (Perugia, Italy, June 27, 2022)

News Articles

Scientists Make Strong, Super-tough Carbon Sheets at Low Temperature
Scientists Make Strong, Super-tough Carbon Sheets at Low Temperature An international research team led by scientists at Beihang University in China and The University of Texas at Dallas has developed high-strength, super-tough sheets of carbon that can be inexpensively fabricated at low temperatures.

The team made the sheets by chemically stitching together platelets of graphitic carbon, which is similar to the graphite found in the soft lead of an ordinary pencil. The fabrication process resulted in a material whose mechanical properties exceed those of carbon fiber composites currently used in commercial products.
NanoTech Director Makes List of Top Researchers
NanoTech Director Makes List of Top Researchers UT Dallas scientist Dr. Ray Baughman has been ranked one of the decade’s top 100 material scientists in a list compiled by Thomson Reuters. Baughman, who ranked 30th according to the study, is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas; a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the Royal Society of Chemistry; and an academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. In August 2001, after a career in private industry, he became the Robert A. Welch Distinguished Chair in Chemistry and director of the Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute at UT Dallas.
NanoTech Institute Director Ray Baughman Elected to National Academy of Engineering
NanoTech Institute Director Ray Baughman Elected to National Academy of Engineering Dr. Ray Baughman, one of the most talented and pioneering nanotechnologists of his time, has been recognized by his peers through election to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). He was one of only two Texans among 65 new members added by the Academy, according to an announcement Friday. Baughman, the Robert A. Welch Distinguished Chair in Chemistry in the School of Natural Science and Mathematics, and director of the Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute at UT Dallas, and was tapped for membership to the NAE for his contributions to the science of nanotechnology, specifically for his work in pioneering novel applications of conjugated polymers and related materials.
NanoTech Director Honored by Chinese Scholars
NanoTech Director Honored by Chinese Scholars In a ceremony held recently at Nankai University, in Tianjin City, China, Dr. Ray Baughman received the university’s highest honorary title. The university lauded Baughman’s achievements in the field of nanotechnology, including the development of artificial muscles based on carbon nanotubes, by making him a Yang Shixian Professor. Baughman is a Robert A. Welch Chair in Chemistry and director of the Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute at UT Dallas. He was recognized for the appointment by Nankai University President Zihe Rao.
Sheaths Become Mighty New Layer in Research Team’s Artificial Muscles
Sheaths Become Mighty New Layer in Research Team’s Artificial Muscles Over the last 15 years, researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas and their international colleagues have invented several types of strong, powerful artificial muscles using materials ranging from high-tech carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to ordinary fishing line.

In a new study published July 12 in the journal Science, the researchers describe their latest advance, called sheath-run artificial muscles, or SRAMs.

The research group’s previous muscles were made by twisting CNT yarn, polymer fishing line or nylon sewing thread. By twisting these fibers to the point that they coil, the researchers produced muscles that dramatically contract, or actuate, along their length when heated and return to their initial length when cooled.