Michael Rugg

Professor - Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Tags: Biology Cognition and Neuroscience

Professional Preparation

Ph.D. - Psychology
University of Leicester - 1979
B.S. - Psychology
University of Leicester - 1976

Research Areas

Research Interests

Dr. Rugg works in the fields of cognitive neuroscience and human memory, as well as how aging and injury impact memory. His current work includes understanding how age-related changes in the brain's structure and function affect cognitive abilities. A major focus of his research is on episodic memory - the type of memory that allows us to remember events that are tied to a particular place and time. His work employs the behavioral methods of experimental psychology, neuroimaging techniques including functional magnetic resonance imaging, and electrophysiological recordings of human brain activity.

Publications

Rugg, M.D. & Vilberg, K.L. (2013). Brain networks underlying episodic memory retrieval. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 23, 255-60. PubMedID 23206590. 2013 - Publication
Whalley, M.G., Kroes, M.C.W., Huntley, Z., Rugg, M.D., Davis, S.W., Brewin, C.R. (2013). An fMRI investigation of posttraumatic flashbacks. Brain and Cognition, 81, 151-9. PubMedID 23207576. 2013 - Publication
Johnson, J.D., Suzuki, M., & Rugg, M.D. (2013). Recollection, familiarity, and context-sensitivity in lateral parietal cortex: a high-resolution fMRI study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 219. PubMedID 23734122. 2013 - Publication
Van Paasschen, J., Clare, L., Yuen, K.S.L., Woods, R.T., Evans, S.J., Parkinson, C.H., Rugg, M.D., Linden, D.E.J. (2013). Cognitive rehabilitation changes memory-related brain activity in people with Alzheimer disease. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 27, 448-59. PubMedID 23369983. 2013 - Publication
Rugg, M.D., Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2013). Moving Forward with fMRI Data. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8, 84-7. 2013 - Publication
Constantinidis, C., Bucci, D.J., and Rugg, M.D. (2013). Cognitive functions of the posterior parietal cortex. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 7, 35. PubMedID 23675328. 2013 - Publication
Jaeger, A., & Rugg, M.D. (2012). Implicit effects of emotional contexts: An ERP study. Cognitive Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 12, 748-60. PubMedID 22797975 2012 - Publication
Yu, S.S., Johnson, J.D., & Rugg, M.D. (2012). Dissociation of recollection-related neural activity in ventral lateral parietal cortex. Cognitive Neuroscience, 3, 142-9. PubMedID 23049621. 2012 - Publication
Whalley, M.G., Rugg, M.D., and Brewin, C.R. (2012). Autobiographical memory in depression: An fMRI study. Psychiatry Research, 201, 98-106. PubMedID 22386970. 2012 - Publication
Hayama, H.R., Vilberg, K.L., & Rugg, M.D. (2012). Overlap between the neural correlates of cued recall and source memory: evidence for a generic recollection network? Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24, 1127-37. PubMedID 22288393. 2012 - Publication

Additional Information

Personal Statement

Dr. Rugg is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Association for Psychological Science. He was awarded the Henri Hecaen Award for contributions to neuropsychology in 1989 and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1996. He is currently editor-in-chief of the international journal Neuropsychologia.

He received his bachelor's and doctoral degrees in psychology from the University of Leicester in the United Kingdom and went on to professorships at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland and University College London. He joined the University of California, Irvine in 2003, where he served as the director of the Center for Neurobiology and Learning and Memory. In 2011, he joined UT Dallas as the Distinguished Chair in Behavioral and Brain Sciences and co-director of the Center for Vital Longevity.

Honors and Awards
  • Henri Hecaen Award for Contributions to Neuropsychology (1989)
  • Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1996) 
  • Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2009)
  • Fellow of the Association for Psychologial Science (2010)

News Articles

New Funding Supports Memory Research at Center for Vital Longevity
Dr. Michael Rugg, director of UT Dallas’ Center for Vital Longevity, has been awarded nearly $1 million in grants to study how young and older adults remember specific events.
A three-year National Science Foundation (NSF) award for $544,000 will support research on episodic memory, or memory of specific events. An additional $421,000 comes from the National Institute on Aging (NIA) and covers research for two years on an aspect of memory known as “post-retrieval monitoring.”
Episodic memory is highly vulnerable to aging. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), Rugg and his colleagues will examine brain activity associated with episodic memory retrieval in groups of young and older adults.
Prominent Memory Researcher Recruited to UT Dallas
Dr. Michael Rugg, one of the world’s leading memory researchers, is scheduled to join UT Dallas’ School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences (BBS) in January.

Rugg will serve as Distinguished Professor of Behavioral and Brain Sciences in the Center for Vital Longevity and will collaborate with other BBS faculty on a variety of projects. Rugg will work with Dr. Denise Park, director of the center and a specialist on the aging brain, on several major research efforts.

Rugg now is director of the Center for the Neurobiology of  Learning and Memory at the University of California, Irvine. He is chairman of the Cognition and Perception Study Section of the National Institutes of Health.
Vital Longevity Leadership Nets $4.6 Million in NIH Funding
Drs. Denise Park and Michael Rugg, co-directors of the Center for Vital Longevity at the University of Texas at Dallas, have each been awarded a five-year research grant from the National Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), to further their studies on how aging affects the brain and memory.

A $3 million grant, awarded to Dr. Park, is the second phase of a prestigious NIH MERIT award, given to a select group of experienced investigators who have demonstrated outstanding research productivity. The first phase of the award was funded in 2006. The renewed funding will support continuation of the Dallas Lifespan Brain Study, which aims to understand who ages successfully and why, as well as who is at risk for Alzheimer’s disease well before symptoms appear.
Study: Memories Can Resist Interference During New Learning
While acquiring new memories can enrich the human experience, they also can interfere with old ones and make them more likely to be forgotten — especially when a new event is highly similar to a past experience.

Postdoctoral scientist Dr. Josh Koen and Dr. Michael Rugg, director of the Center for Vital Longevity, addressed in a recent study how some memories persist in the face of strong interference. Koen and Rugg tested whether “reactivating,” or bringing to mind, old memories during the course of new learning increases or decreases the interfering effects of new learning. Their work was published in the April 13 edition of the Journal of Neuroscience.
NEW FEDERAL FUNDING SUPPORTS MEMORY RESEARCH AT CVL
DALLAS – August 18, 2016 – The laboratory led by CVL director Dr. Michael Rugg has recently been awarded grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institute on Aging (NIA).

Totaling nearly $1 million, the grants will help fund novel investigations into memory across the lifespan, focusing on studies that compare the brain activity supporting memory in young and healthy older adults. The NSF award of approximately $544,000 spans three years while around $421,000 from the NIA will be spread over two years.