Moon Kim

Louis Beecherl Jr. Distinguished Professor
Professor - Materials Science & Engineering
 
972-883-6635
RL4.408
Profile Website
ORCID
Tags: Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Materials Science and Engineering

Professional Preparation

Postdoc - Materials Science
Arizona State University - 1990
Ph.D. - Materials Science
Arizona State University - 1988
M.S. - Materials Science
Arizona State University - 1986
B.S. - Materials Science
Arizona State University - 1984

Research Areas

Research Interests
  •  Heterogeneous materials integration by wafer bonding
  •  Fabrication and characterization of various functional nanostructures for applications in nano-electronics, power electronics, energy, electrochemical and bio-devices, and neuromorphic and quantum computing
  •  Atomic scale characterization of low dimensional nanomaterials
  •  In-situ TEM study of electrochemical and biological systems
  •  Nanopore-based sequencing of biomolecules
  •  Fabrication of 3D nanostructures for nano-robots
  •  3D visualization technologies such as virtual reality (VR), image recognition, and hologram for enhanced education 

Publications

“Dislocation driven spiral and non-spiral growth in layered chalcogenides:  morphology, mechanism, and mitigation,” Y.Nie, A. Barton, R. Addou, Y. Zheng, L. Walsh, S. Eichfeld, R. Yue, C. Comier, C. Zhang, Q. Wang, C. Liang, J. Robinson, M.J. Kim, W. Vanderberghe, L. Colombo, P. Cha, R.M. Wallace, C. Hinkle and K.J. Cho, Nanoscale 10, 15023-15034 (2018) - journal article
“Engineering high-k/SiGe interface with ALD oxide for selective GeOx reduction,” M. Kavrik, P. Ercius, J. Cheung, K. Tang, Q. Wang, B. Fruhberger, M.J. Kim, Y. Taur, P.C. Mclntyre and A.C. Kummel, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 11, 15111-15121 (2019). 2019 - journal article
“Engineering the Pd-WSe2 interface chemistry for field effect transistors with high-performance hole contacts”, C. Smyth, L. Walsh, P. Bolshakov-Barrrett, M. Catalano, R. Addou, L. Wang, S. McDonnell, J. Kim, M.J. Kim, C.D. Young, C.L. Hinkle and R.M. Wallace, ACS Appl. Nano. Mater. 2, 75-88 (2019). 2019 - journal article
“Monolithic Integration of Transition Metal Oxide Multiple Quantum Wells on Silicon (001),” J. Ortmann, S. Kwon, A. Posadas, M.J. Kim, and A. Demkov, J. Appl. Phys. 125, 155302 (2019). 2019 - journal article
“Deformation behavior of nanocrystalline and ultrafine-grained CoCr CuFe Ni high-entropy alloys,” S. Nam, J. Hwang, J. Jeon, J. Park, M.J. Kim, D. Bae, J. Kim and H.J. Choi, J. Mater. Res. 34, 720-731 (2019). 2019 - journal article
“Interfacial structure evolution and thermal conductivity of Cu-Zr/diamond composites prepared by gas pressure infiltration,” L. Wang, J. Li, G. Bai, N. Li, X. Wang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M.J. Kim, J. Alloys Comp. 781, 800-809 (2019). 2019 - journal article
“Engineering high-k/SiGe interface with ALD oxide for selective GeOx reduction,” M. Kavrik, P. Ercius, J. Cheung, K. Tang, Q. Wang, B. Fruhberger, M.J. Kim, Y. Taur, P.C. Mclntyre and A.C. Kummel, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 11, 15111-15121 (2019). 2019 - journal article
“Stiffness measurement of nanosized liposomes using solid-state nanopore sensor with automated recapturing platform,” J.S. Lee, J. Saharia, Y.M. Nuwan, D.Y. Bandera, B. Karawdeniya, G. Goyal, A. Darvish, Q. Wang, M.J. Kim and M. Kim, Electrophoresis 40, 1337-1344 (2019). – featured on the cover  2019 - journal article
“MBE growth of 2H-MoTe2 and 1T’-MoTe2 on 3D substrates”, S, Vishwanath, A. Sundar, X. Liu, A. Azcatl, E. Lochocki, A. Woll, S. Ruvimov, W. Hwang, N. Lu, X. Peng, H-H. Lien, J. Weisenberger, S. McDonnell, M.J. Kim, M. Dobrowolska, J. Furdyna, K. Shen, R.M. Wallace, D. Jena and H. Xing, J. Crystal Growth 482, 61-69 (2018). 2018 - journal article
“High thermal conductivity of Cu-B/diamond composites prepared by gas pressure infiltration”, G. Bai, N. Li, X. Wang, J. Wang, M.J. Kim and H. Zhang, J. Alloys Comp. 735, 1648-1653 (2018). 2018 - journal article

Appointments

Associate Professor
University of North Texas [2002–2003]
Assistant Professor
University of North Texas [2001–2002]
Visiting Scientist
German Aerospace Center (DLR) [2000–2000]
Chapter President
AZ Chapter [1997–1999]
Korean-American Scientists and Engineers Association
Affiliated Faculty
Arizona State University [1993–2001]
Vice President
Korean Electron Microscopy Group of America [1992–1994]
Research Scientist
Arizona State University [1990–2001]
Center for Solid State Science
HREM Laboratory & Workshop Instructor
Arizona State University [1988–2001]
National Facility for HREM

Awards

Outstanding Researcher Award - UT-Dallas, School of Engineering [2017]
President’s International Fellow - Chinese Academy of Sciences [2015]
Invited Professor - General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals [2015]
WCU Visiting Professor - Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology [2012]

Additional Information

Member, Materials Research Society (MRS), Microscopy Society of America (MSA)

News Articles

Crystallography: Towards controlled dislocations
Crystallographic defects or irregularities (known as dislocations) are often found within crystalline materials. Two main types of dislocation exist: edge and screw type. However, dislocations found in real materials tend to be a mix of these two types, resulting in a complex atomic arrangement not found in bulk crystals. The study of these dislocations in semiconductors is probably as old as the science of semiconductors itself, and the technological importance of dislocations can hardly be overstated.
Research Shows Graphene Nanopores Can Be Controlled
Engineers at The University of Texas at Dallas have used advanced techniques to make the material graphene small enough to read DNA.

Shrinking the size of a graphene pore to less than one nanometer – small enough to thread a DNA strand  – opens the possibility of using graphene as a low-cost tool to sequence DNA.

“Sequencing DNA at a very cheap cost would enable scientists and doctors to better predict and diagnose disease, and also tailor a drug to an individual’s genetic code,” said Dr. Moon Kim, professor of materials science and engineering. He was se
Transistor performance improves due to quantum confinement effects
Manufacturing on the nanoscale has come a long way since Feynman’s visions of nanotechnology more than 50 years ago. Since then, studies have demonstrated how low-dimensional structures, such as nanowires and quantum dots, have unique properties that can improve the performance of a variety of devices. In the latest study in this area, researchers have fabricated transistors made with exceptionally thin silicon nanowires that exhibit high performance due to quantum confinement effects in the nanowires.
The team of researchers, Krutarth Trivedi, Hyungsang Yuk, Herman Carlo Floresca, Moon J. Kim, and Walter Hu, from the University of Texas at Dallas, has published their study in a recent issue of Nano Letters.
Book Makes Nanotech Accessible to Smaller Readers
Although Dr. Moon Kim’s zeal for nanotechnology springs in part from years of research into the structural characterization of advanced electronic materials, he doesn’t see why kids shouldn’t be exhilarated by the very small as well.

Now he’s taken two steps to help make that happen, writing a nanotechnology primer for kids and starting an internship program that brings them into his lab for weeks at a time.

Written in Korean and with the English translation just recently completed, “A Day With Nano” takes a wide-ranging view of nanotechnology. He wrote it in collaboration with his wife, Sun Song, and it touches not only on Kim’s own researchbut also on applications such as robotic surgery, micro-needles for painless injections, smart windows that adapt to outdoor conditions, nano cosmetics and self-healing paint that prevents the development of rust.
Microscope to Further Bolster Nanotech Research
A new atomic-resolution microscope will strengthen UT Dallas researchers’ role in developing next-generation semiconductors and enhance the University’s position as a resource for industry and technical consortiums.

Introduced to the market less than a year ago and slated to arrive at UT Dallas this spring, the new JEOL ARM200F transmission electron microscope (TEM) enables atom-by-atom imaging resolution and unmatched spatial resolution for atom-to-atom chemical mapping of materials.

Activities

Nano Art Exhibition
Nano Art is a new discipline that discovers and accentuates the artistic beauty of nanometer sized natural and artificial structures.  Nano Art can be characterized as one of two means. The first is discovering the artistic value in the images of nanostructures directly observed in the scientific laboratory. The second is the use of natural and artificial materials to create micrometer or even smaller sized sculptures or figures.  An instrument such as electron/ion microscope and scanning probe microscope is used to obtain magnified images of such small nanostructures.  The recorded images are either presented as is or processed to accentuate its artistic value.  Any modification made in the image is disclosed fully.

  • Nano Art Exhibit,” UT-D Natural Science and Engineering Research Laboratory (October 26, 2016).
  • Nano Art Exhibit,” UT-Dallas, Davidson-Gundy Alumni Center (January 24, 2018)
Expertise and extensive experience in electron microscopy
  •  Expertise in high resolution analytical electron microscopy includes HREM phase contrast and STEM Z-contrast imaging, Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction (CBED), energy dispersive x-ray (EDX, electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), and in-situ TEM/STEM. 
  •  Served as a lab instructor and a committee member of User Program of the National Facility for HREM at ASU for more than 10 years during his tenure at Arizona State University, conducted extensive interdisciplinary collaborative research involving state-of-the-art TEM nano-characterization.
Development and/or refinement of Research Tools
  •  Designed and built an ultra high vacuum (UHV) wafer bonding unit to integrate dissimilar materials suitable for electronic and optical properties measurements, fracture mechanical testing, and structural characterization by electron microscopy. There are only two other similar instruments in the world: at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the University of Tokyo Dr. Kim's unit is the one capable of synthesizing planar interfaces (for metals, ceramics and semiconductors) suitable for both microscopy and quantitative interface strength measurements with both control of interface orientation and additional element chemistry.
Professional activity
  •  Strategic partnerships: 
    •  Nanofactory Instruments AB, Sweden:  Recruited to open its U.S. headquarter in Richardson.  Established a strategic partnership for the development of new instruments (e.g., in-situ STM-TEM, AFM-TEM and TEM-nanoindentation tools) and collaborative research.
    •  Japan Electro-Optics Lab (JEOL), Inc. - UTD as its U.S. Southwest Demo Center.
    •  Protochips, Inc. – Established a strategic partnership for the development of new instruments (e.g., in-situ heating and liquid cell stages) and collaborative research
  •  Directed the NSF initiated Silicon Wafer Engineering and Defect Science (SiWEDS) Center.  Its industry and academic members are:  SRC, MEMC, Samsung, Hynix, Siltronic, UTD, NCSU, UoW, Stanford, MIT, Waseda Univ., ASU.
  • Served as a reviewer for the following journals: Metallurgical Transactions, Ultramicroscopy, Journal of Electronic Materials, Journal of Applied Physics, Sensors and Actuators, Journal of Materials Science, International Journal of Nanoscience, Microelectronic Engineering, Composite Science and Engineering, Thin Solid Films, ACS Nano, Acta Materialia, Energy and Fuels, Microscopy and Microanalysis, IEEE Transactions on Nanoelectronics, IEEE Electron Device Letters, Environmental Science and Technology, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, and Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanosystems.
  •  Gave over 130 invited lectures and seminars at National/International conferences, Universities and Research Institutes. 
  •  Taught annually at the internationally renowned ASU Winter School for HREM(2002-2009).
Service to the community
  •  K-12 outreach program (Provided hands-on experience by visiting RISD elementary schools with lab equipment - "Men in Nano" theme).
  •  Played a key role in establishing the memorandum of understanding (MOU) for student exchange and collaborative research programs between UTD and other institutions (Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Korea Advanced Nano Center (KANC), University of Seoul (UOS), Choongnam Technology Park (CTP))
  •  Established new Nano-Characterization Facility and managed its operation

Affiliations

Editorial Board Member
Applied Microscopy 
Editorial Board Member
Chinese Journal of Rare Metals 
CFO
2Lux Media, Inc.

Funding

Improving reliability and reducing cost in CdTe photovoltaics via grain boundary engineering
195,000 - DOE-PVRD [2016–2019]
Basic understanding of GaN/Si thin film microstructure
380,000 - TI [2016/09–2019/09]
Development of TEM analysis system for 10 nm-node devices
100,000 - Samsung [2014–2015]
Center for low energy systems technology
3,360,232 - NIST-DARPA [2013–2017]
GaN on Diamond
80,000 - DARPA/TriQuint [2013–2014]