Moon Kim

Louis Beecherl Jr. Distinguished Professor
Professor - Materials Science & Engineering
Tags: Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Materials Science and Engineering Computer Engineering

Professional Preparation

Postdoc - Materials Science
Arizona State University - 1990
Ph.D. - Materials Science
Arizona State University - 1988
M.S. - Materials Science
Arizona State University - 1986
B.S. - Materials Science
Arizona State University - 1984

Research Areas

Research Interests
  • Heterogeneous materials integration by wafer bonding
  • Fabrication and characterization of various functional nanostructures for applications in nano-electronics, power electronics, energy, electrochemical and bio-devices
  • Atomic scale characterization of low dimensional materials
  • In-situ TEM study of electrochemical and biological systems
  • Nanopore-based sequencing of biomolecules
  • Nano 3D Printing technology
  • Fabrication of 3D nanostructures for nano-robots
  • Virtual reality (VR) contents for enhanced education and new emerging applications

Publications

“Contact resistance and stability study for Au, Ti, Hf and Ni contacts on thin-film Mg2Si,” B. Zhang, T. Zheng, Q. Wang, Y. Zhu, H.A. Alshareef, M.J, Kim and B.E. Gnade, J. Alloys Comp. 699, 1134-1139 (2017) 2017 - Publication
“MoS2 transistors with 1-nanometer gate length,” S. Desai, S.R. Madhvapathy, A.B. Sachid, J.P. Llinas, Q. Wang, G.H. Ahn, G. Pitner, M.J. Kim, J. Bokor, C. Hu, H.-S. Wong and A. Javey, Science 354, 99-102 (2016). – featured by numerous media outlets 2016 - Publication
“Bottom-Up Synthesis of Vertically Oriented Two-Dimensional Materials,” R.A. Vila, K. Momeni, Q. Wang, B.M. Bersch, N. Lu, M.J. Kim, L.Q. Chen and J.A. Robinson, 2D Mater. 3, 041003 (2016) 2016 - Publication
“Optimized thermal properties in diamond particles reinforced copper-titanium matrix composites produced by gas pressure infiltration,” J. Li, H. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Che, Y. Zhang, J. Wang, M.J. Kim and X. Wang, Composites A 91, 189-194 (2016) 2016 - Publication
“Peroxidase-like properties of ruthenium nanoframes,” H. Ye, J. Mohar, Q. Wang, M. Catalano, M.J. Kim and X. Xia, Sci. Bulletin. 61, 1739-1745 (2016) – featured as a cover paper. 2016 - Publication
“Atomic scale study of model CdTe grain boundaries,” T. Paulauskas, F. G. Sen, C. Sun, E. Barnard, M. Chan, M.J. Kim, S. Sivalingham, R. Klie, 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC) 43, 3664-3666 (2016) 2016 - Publication
“First principles modeling of grain boundaries in CdTe,” F.G. Sen, C. Buurma, T. Paulauskas, C. Sun, M.J. Kim, S. Sivananthan, R.F. Klie and K.Y. Chan, IEEE 43rd Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC) 43, 3374-3377 (2016) 2016 - Publication
“Tailoring renal clearance and tumor targeting of ultasmall metal nanoparticles with particle density”, S. Tang, C. Peng, J. Xu, B. Du, Q. Wang, R. Vinlunan, M. Yu, M.J. Kim and J. Zheng, Angewandte Chemie 55, 16039-16043(2016) 2016 - Publication
“Characterization and metrology for graphene materials, structures, and devices,” L. Colombo, A. Diebold, C. Casiraghi, M.J. Kim, R.M. Wallace, A. Venugopal, in “Metrology and Diagnostic Techniques for Nanoelectronics,” Eds. Z. Ma and D. Seiler, Pan Stanford (2016) 2016 - Publication
“Nucleation and growth mechanisms of interfacial Al4C3 in Al/diamond composites formed by gas pressure infiltration,” Z. Che, Y Zhang, J. Li, H. Zhang, X. Wang, C. Sun, J. Wang and M.J. Kim, J. Alloy. Compd. 657, 81-89 (2016) 2016 - Publication

Appointments

Louis Beecherl, Jr., Distinguished Professor
UT-Dallas [2014–Present]
Engineering
Professor
UT-Dallas [2013–Present]
Arts and Humanities
Fellow
Microscopy Society of America [2012–Present]
Director
Industry University Cooperative Research Center [2009–Present]
Professor
UT-Dallas [2008–Present]
Engineering
Adjunct Professor
UTSW Medical Center [2007–Present]
Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center
Professor
University of Texas at Dallas [2005–Present]
Director
University of Texas at Dallas [2004–Present]
Nano-characterization Facility
Associate Professor
University of Texas at Dallas [2003–2005]
Director
University of North Texas [2002–2004]
Facility for Electron Microscopy

Additional Information

Member, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Materials Research Society (MRS), Microscopy Society of America (MSA)

News Articles

Transistor performance improves due to quantum confinement effects
Manufacturing on the nanoscale has come a long way since Feynman’s visions of nanotechnology more than 50 years ago. Since then, studies have demonstrated how low-dimensional structures, such as nanowires and quantum dots, have unique properties that can improve the performance of a variety of devices. In the latest study in this area, researchers have fabricated transistors made with exceptionally thin silicon nanowires that exhibit high performance due to quantum confinement effects in the nanowires.
The team of researchers, Krutarth Trivedi, Hyungsang Yuk, Herman Carlo Floresca, Moon J. Kim, and Walter Hu, from the University of Texas at Dallas, has published their study in a recent issue of Nano Letters.
Consortium to Re-Energize Semiconductor Research
UT Dallas is the new home of a consortium dedicated to making technological advances in the silicon wafer that is the foundation for most of the semiconductor chips that surround us.

“This is a great opportunity to further enhance our faculty members’ and graduate students’ impact on the future development of semiconductor technology,” said Moon Kim, director of the center and a professor of materials science and engineering. The field is a fast-growing area at the University that now includes 14 faculty members, dozens of graduate students and several million dollars in annual research funding.
Crystallography: Towards controlled dislocations
Crystallographic defects or irregularities (known as dislocations) are often found within crystalline materials. Two main types of dislocation exist: edge and screw type. However, dislocations found in real materials tend to be a mix of these two types, resulting in a complex atomic arrangement not found in bulk crystals. The study of these dislocations in semiconductors is probably as old as the science of semiconductors itself, and the technological importance of dislocations can hardly be overstated.
Scientists Discovery Could Have Powerful Effect on Electronics
The field of quantum mechanics deals with materials at atomic dimensions, and big discoveries often happen at a very small scale. Researchers in the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science, in collaboration with an international team of engineers and scientists, have uncovered a phenomenon that could have major implications for the development of nano-electronic circuits and devices.

In a recent article published in Nature Communications, the researchers describe for the first time how grown and stacked, atomically thin materials can exhibit a unique transport effect, called negative differential resistance, or NDR, at room temperature.
Jonsson School Engineers Help Develop Tiny Transistor in Novel Way
In the quest for faster and more powerful computers and consumer electronics, big advances come in small packages. 
The high-performance, silicon-based transistors that control today’s electronic devices have been getting smaller and smaller, allowing those devices to perform faster while consuming less power. 
But even silicon has its limits, so researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas and elsewhere are looking for better-performing alternatives. 

Activities

Expertise and extensive experience in electron microscopy
  • Expertise in high resolution analytical electron microscopy includes HREM phase contrast and STEM Z-contrast imaging, Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction (CBED), energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). 
  • Served as a lab instructor and a committee member of User Program of the National Facility for HREM at ASU for more than 10 years during his tenure at Arizona State University, conducted extensive interdisciplinary collaborative research involving state-of-the-art TEM nano-characterization.
Professional activity
  • Strategic partnerships:
    • Nanofactory Instruments AB, Sweden:  Recruited to open its U.S. headquarter in Richardson.  Established a strategic partnership for the development of new instruments (e.g., in-situ STM-TEM, AFM-TEM and TEM-nanoindentation tools) and collaborative research.
    • Japan Electro-Optics Lab (JEOL), Inc. - UTD as its U.S. Southwest Demo Center.
    • Protochips, Inc. – Established a strategic partnership for the development of new instruments (e.g., in-situ heating and liquid cell stages) and collaborative research
  • Directing the NSF initiated Silicon Wafer Engineering and Defect Science (SiWEDS) Center.  Its industry and academic members are:  SRC, MEMC, Samsung, Hynix, Siltronic, UTD, NCSU, UoW, Stanford, MIT, Waseda Univ., ASU.
  • Served as a reviewer for the following journals: Metallurgical Transactions, Ultramicroscopy, Journal of Electronic Materials, Journal of Applied Physics, Sensors and Actuators, Journal of Materials Science, International Journal of Nanoscience, Microelectronic Engineering, Composite Science and Engineering, Thin Solid Films, ACS Nano, Acta Materialia, Energy and Fuels, Microscopy and Microanalysis, IEEE Transactions on Nanoelectronics, IEEE Electron Device Letters, Environmental Science and Technology, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, and Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanosystems.
  • Gave over 85 invited lectures and seminars at National/International conferences, Universities and Research Institutes. 
  • Taught annually at the internationally renownedASU Winter School for HREM(2002-2009).
Service to the community
  • K-12 outreach program (Provided hands-on experience by visiting RISD elementary schools with lab equipment - "Men in Nano" theme).
  • Played a key role in establishing the memorandum of understanding (MOU) for student exchange and collaborative research programs between UTD and other institutions (Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Korea Advanced Nano Center (KANC), University of Seoul (UOS), Choongnam Technology Park (CTP))
  • Established new Nano-Characterization Facility and managed its operation
Development and/or refinement of Research Tools

Designed and built an ultra high vacuum (UHV) wafer bonding unit to integrate dissimilar materials suitable for electronic and optical properties measurements, fracture mechanical testing, and structural characterization by electron microscopy. There are only two other similar instruments in the world: at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the University of Tokyo Dr. Kim's unit is the one capable of synthesizing planar interfaces (for metals, ceramics and semiconductors) suitable for both microscopy and quantitative interface strength measurements with both control of interface orientation and additional element chemistry.

Funding

Improving reliability and reducing cost in CdTe photovoltaics via grain boundary engineering
195,000 - DOE-PVRD [2016–2019]
Basic understanding of GaN/Si thin film microstructure
95,000 - TI [2016–2017]
Development of TEM analysis system for 10 nm-node devices
100,000 - Samsung [2014–2015]
Center for low energy systems technology
3,360,232 - NIST-DARPA [2013–2017]
GaN on Diamond
80,000 - DARPA/TriQuint [2013–2014]