Carlos Aiken

Professor - Geosciences

Professional Preparation

Ph.D. - Geosciences
University of Arizona - 1976
M.S. - Geological Sciences
University of Washington - 1970
B.S. - Gelology
University of Washington - 1965

Research Areas

Research Interests

Potential fields applied to tectonics, resources (hydrocarbons, minerals, geothermal), and geotechnical and environmental problems. Emphasis on gravity including developing new digital gravity data acquisition methodology for higher accuracy and resolution applications (including developing terrain mapping techniques with reflectorless laser rangefinders for inner zone terrain corrections); hydrocarbon reservoir management by gravity in a test on the North Slope of Alaska. Development of gravity and magnetic data bases of Mexico and Ecuador.

Global Positioning System (GPS) applications to geophysics and geology. Emphasis on rapid survey techniques and special attention to the problem of using GPS ellipsoid heights for land surveys. Applied in-house geoid modeling to corrections to heights in geosciences applications. Building a centimeter accuracy geoid model for the Texas Gulf Coast with UT-Austin and Texas A&M tied to tidal gauges for coastal hazard studies and mapping of sea level.

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) applied to geology and geophysics. Built GIS geologic databases of Venezuela, China, and Ecuador and multi-layer GIS databases of Mexico

Developing new digital data acquisition (mapping) techniques using field computers, GPS, GIS and reflectorless laser rangefinders in which both high resolution terrain and specific geologic feature (bedding, faults, etc.) mapping is carried out. Development of real time geological analysis (such as stratigraphic thicknesses, strikes and dips) in the field.

Publications

The 4D microgravity method for waterflood surveillance: Part II-Gravity measurements for the Prudhoe Bay reservoir, Alaska. JF Ferguson, T Chen, J Brady, CL Aiken, J Seibert. Geophysics 72 (2), I33-I43. 2007 - Publication
The digital classroom of tomorrow: Incorporating digital geology and Cybermapping into the undergraduate geosciences curriculum. D Tuck, C Aiken, X Xu. 2006 Philadelphia Annual Meeting. 2006 - Publication
Digital acquisition, analysis, and visualization in the earth sciences. JS Oldow, JD Walker, CLV Aiken, X Xu. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 87 (35), 351-351. 2006 - Publication
New standards for reducing gravity data: The North American gravity database William J. Hinze, Carlos Aiken,John Brozena, Bernard Coakley, David Dater, Guy Flanagan, Ren Forsberg,Thomas Hildenbrand, G. Randy Keller, James Kellogg, Robert Kucks, Xiong Li, Andre Mainville, Robert Morin, Mark Pilkington, Donald Plouff, Dhananjay Ravat, Daniel Roman, Jamie Urrutia-Fucugauchi,Marc Vronneau, Michael Webring, and Daniel Winester Geophysics, Society of Exploration Geophysicists Vol. 70, No. 4, pp. J25-J32, July-August (2005) 2005 - Publication
Using Outcrop Data in the 21st Century - New methods and applications, with example from the Ainsa Turbidite System, Ainsa, Spain, J. Thurmond, T. Loseth, J. Rivenaes, O. Martinsen, X. Xu and C. Aiken., Deep-Water Outcrops of the World Atlas: ed. By T. Nilsen., R. Shew, G. Steffens, and J. Studlick Tulsa, OK: American Association of Petroleum Geologists (2005) Special Publication.CD-ROM 2005 - Publication

Appointments

Instructor - Texas Society of Professional Surveyors [2004–2004]
Instructor - 2004 AAPG Convention, Richardson, TX [2004–2004]
Instructor - Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho [2003–2003]
Instructor - San Diego State University, Mesa, California [2003–2003]
Registered Professional Geophysicist - State of Texas [2003–Present]
Instructor - Seminar (1 day) ExxonMobil Upstream Research Co. [2003–2003]
Instructor - Norsk Hydro ASA, Bergen, Norway [2000–2000]
Instructor - Seminar (1 day) ExxonMobil Upstream Research Co. [2000–2000]
Instructor - Geological Society of America Short Course, Reno, NV [2000–2000]
Co-instructor - Geological Society of America Short Course, Denver, CO [1999–1999]

Additional Information

Screen Credit
Category 7: End of the World
Carlos Aiken and Xueming Xu, special effects modeling; Mt. Rushmore scenes and special effects
CBS TV mini series, Los Angeles, CA (November, 2005)
Publishted Maps
  • Bouguer gravity anomaly map of Southeastern Arizona, with R. E. West and J. S. Sumner. State of Arizona Oil & Gas Conservation Commission, 1:500,000, 1973.
  • Composite aeromagnetic anomaly map of Yuma and vicinity, with R. Wetterauer and M. F. de la Fuente. Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, 1:500,000, 1974.
  • Residual Bouguer gravity anomaly map of Arizona. University of Arizona, 1:1,000,000, 1976.
  • Free-air gravity anomaly map of Arizona, 1975, Arizona Geological Society Digest, v. 10, Tectonic Digest, 1:1,000,000, 1976.
  • Residual Bouguer gravity anomaly map of Northern New Mexico, with report, with WA Laughlin and F.B. West. Los Alamos National Lab. Report LA-6737-UC11, 1:500,000, 1977.
  • Residual Bouguer gravity anomaly map of New Mexico, with WA Laughlin and F.B. West, LA-7466-19AP-UC-11, Los Alamos National Labs., 1:500,000, 1978.
  • Complete residual Bouguer gravity anomaly map of Arizona (IGSN71), with J. Lysonski, J. S. Schmidt, and J. S. Sumner. Laboratory of Geophysics, University of Arizona, 1:1,000,000, 1980.
  • Complete residual Bouguer gravity anomaly map series of Arizona with J. Lysonski and J. S. Sumner, Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, State of Arizona (23 maps), 1981.
  • Complete Bouguer gravity anomaly maps of the Socorro 1x2 degree quadrangle, New Mexico, with WD Kennedy and M. E. Ander, Los Alamos National Labs., LA-8679-MAP, 1981.
  • Bouguer Gravity Atlas of Texas, Clovis Sheet, 1:250,000, with G. R. Keller, Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, 1985.
  • Bouguer Gravity Atlas of Texas, Brownfield Sheet, 1:250,000, with G. R. Keller, Bureau of Economic Geology, Austin, TX, 1986.
  • Bouguer Gravity Atlas of Texas, Big Spring Sheet, Scale 1:250,000, with G. R. Keller, Bureau of Economic Geology, Austin, TX, 1986.
  • Bouguer Gravity Atlas of Texas, Hobbs Sheet, scale 1:250,000, with G. R. Keller, Bureau of Economic Geology, Austin, TX, 1986.
  • Bouguer Gravity Atlas of Texas, Plainview Sheet, scale Bouguer Gravity Atlas with G. R. Keller, Bureau of Economic Geology, Austin, TX, 1986.
  • Gravity Anomaly Map of North America, scale 1:5,000,000, Geological Society of America, in press, 1987, (editorial committee).
  • Gravity Anomaly Map of Mexico, scale 3,000,000, with M. F. de la Fuente, C. L. V. Aiken and M. Mena, Director General Geografia, Mexico, DF, 1991.
  • Bouguer gravity anomaly map of Northern Mexico, scale 1:3,000,000, with R. W. Schellhorn and M. F. de la Fuente, in Guidebook on Stratigraphy, Tectonics and Resources of Parts of Sierra
  • Madre Occidental Province, Mexico (K. Clark, Hoffer, P. Goodell and J. Hoffer, eds.). Guidebook for 1988 Field Conference, El Paso Geological Society Feb. 24-28, 1988.
  • Gravity Anomalies of Gulf and Peninsular Province of Californias, with R. W. Schellhorn, C. L. V. Aiken, M. F. de la Fuente, R. Couch and G. Ness, in Gulf and Peninsular of Californias, Amer. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Memoir. scale 1:1,000,000, Plate 4, 1991.
  • Gravity Field of Colombia, Eastern Panama and Adjacent areas, with J. Kellogg, V. Godley, G. P. Woollard, C. Ropain, A. Bermudez and C. L. V. Aiken, Geol. Soc. of America Map and Chart Series MCH-070, 2 sheets with text, 1:1,500,000 (free-air, Bouguer) (color), 1991.
  • Cartas Gravimetricas de la Republica Mexicana:
  • 1. Carta de Anomalia de Bouguer, with M. F. de La Fuente, M. Mena and C. L. V. Aiken,
  • 2. Carta de Anomalia de Aire Libre, with M. F. de la Fuente, C. L. V. Aiken and M. Mena,
  • 3. Carta de Anomalia Residual Isostatica, with M. F. de la Fuente, C. L. V. Aiken, M. Mena and R. W. Simpson, Direccion General de Geografia del Instituto Nacional Estadistica y Geografic e Informatica, 3 sheets, 1:300,000, 1992.
  • Gravity Anomaly Map of southern Central America, with T. Stallings, C. L. V. Aiken and J. Kellogg, in Geologic and Tectonic Development of the Caribbean Plate Boundary in Southern Central America (P. Mann, ed.), Geol. Soc. Amer. Special Paper, in press.
  • Cartas Gravimetricas de la Republica Mexicana:
  • 1. Carta de Anomalia de Bouguer, with M. F. de La Fuente, M. Mena and C. L. V. Aiken,
  • 2. Carta de Anomalia de Aire Libre, with M. F. de la Fuente, C. L. V. Aiken and M. Mena,
  • 3. Carta de Anomalia Residual Isostatica, with M. F. de la Fuente, C. L. V. Aiken, M. Mena and R. W. Simpson,
  • Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Instituto de Geologia y Instituto de Geofisica, 3 sheets, 1:300,000, (new map version) 1994.
Thesis and Dissertations Completed
  • R. Felch, M.S. (T.C.U.), 1979, A three dimensional gravity model of basin structure, Yucca Flat, Nevada.
  • S. K. Western, M.S. (T.C.U.), 1980, The interdependence of gravity anomalies with topography in Chihuahua, Mexico, southern New Mexico and west Texas.
  • M. R. Hong, Ph.D., 1982, The Inversion of Magnetic and Gravity Anomalies and the Depth to Curie Isotherm.
  • W. D. Kennedy, M.S., 1982, Geophysical Studies of the Southern Albuquerque Basin of the Rio Grande Rift, New Mexico.
  • S. F. Lai, Ph.D., 1984, Generalized Linear Inversion of 2.5-Dimensional Gravity and Magnetic Anomalies.
  • K. Mickus, M.S., 1985, A controlled source audiomagnetolluric survey as part of an integrated geophysical study of the Richmond Basin, Virginia.
  • S. H. Schaps, M.S., 1985, A gravity/seismic interpretation of Cretaceous features within the central portion of the National Petroleum Reserve, Alaska.
  • S. Lee, M.S., 1986, Phase field imaging of 2-D resistivity distributions from electromagnetic data.
  • C.-T. Yang, M.S., 1986, The magnetoelectric phenomenon reviewed and evaluated as an exploration tool to detect hydrocarbon accumulation.
  • B. A. Lasley, M.S., 1987, A microgravity study of the structural relationships of Penitentiary and Carbon Thrust Faults, Krebs Quadrangle, Oklahoma.
  • R. W. Schellhorn, M.S., 1987, Bouguer gravity anomalies and crustal structure of northern Mexico.
  • B. C. Ragland, M.S., 1988, Gravity study of a portion of the central zone, Ouachita Overthrust, Oklahoma and Arkansas.
  • R. C. Hunt, M.S., 1992, A gravity/magnetic investigation of the crustal structure of South Texas/Northeastern Mexico: in general on the Mesozoic Tectonics.
  • T. C. Stallings, M.S., 1994, Establishing a geophysical and geological GIS database of Mexico and demonstrating GIS as a relational tool for interpretation.
  • M. Balde, Ph.D., 1994, Vertical control by GPS satellite surveying techniques and high resolution geoid computation: Applications in high accuracy mapping and geophysical data acquisition.
  • Hunter-Huston, Holly, M.S., 1996, An integrated 3-D gravity and seismic study of the Ouachita Frontal Thrust Belt, Pittsburg and Latimer Counties, Oklahoma.
  • Lyman, Gregory D., 1997, Terrain mapping by reflectorless laser rangefinding systems for inner zone terrain corrections
  • Xu, Xueming, 2000, PhD, 3D Virtual Geology; photorealistic outcrops and their acquistion, visualization and analysis.

News Articles

Geoscientist Joins Team Studying Massive Sinkhole
A UT Dallas researcher is working with geological scientists from two other universities to study a gargantuan sinkhole that has swallowed a huge chunk of the East Texas town of Daisetta. Professor Carlos Aiken of the School of Natural Sciences and Mathematics was to arrive Monday at the sinkhole site to conduct detailed measurements with the aim of assessing whether the sinkhole is growing. Dr. Aiken is working with researchers from Louisiana State University and the University of Idaho. The team will work with a terrestrial laser scanner combined with Global Positioning System (GPS) and high-resolution photography to image the surface expression of the sinkhole to accuracies of a few millimeters.

Affiliations

Current Students
Ph.D. John Thurmond Iulia Olariu Sergio Garcia (GIS) Mohamed Alfarhan (GIS) M.S. Stephen Meigs Lionel White Annie Covault
Former Students
Ph.D. M. R. Hong S. F. Lai Mamadou Balde Xueming Xu M.S. R. Felch (T.C.U.) S. K. Western (T.C.U.) W. D. Kennedy B. Lasley S. Lee K. Mickus S. Schaps R. Schellhorn C. T. Yang B. C. Ragland R. C. Hunt Todd Stallings Holly Hunter-Huston Gregory D. Lyman

Funding

Preparation for Digital Geologic Mapping of Europe: United Kingdom
$70,000 - Norsk Hydro ASA [2004–2018]
Preparation for Digital Geologic Mapping of Europe: Guadelupes, New Mexico
$78,000 - Norsk Hydro ASA [2004–2018]
Preparation for Digital Geologic Mapping of Europe: with AGIP in Spain
$28,000 - Norsk Hydro ASA [2004–2018]
Digital Geology Cosnortium
$30,000 - Norsk Hydro ASA [2003–2003]
Preparation for Digital Geologic Mapping of Europe, (Spain)
$37,500 - Norsk Hydro ASA [2003–2004]